Giardia Lamblia Essay

598 words - 3 pages

Giardia lamblia is a flagellated enteric protozoan parasite that is found in soil, food, and water (“Giardia lamblia” sec 1). This microorganism tends to live in the small intestines of humans. G. lamblia has two separate morphological stages. The first morphological stage is the trophozoite stage. In the trophozoite stage, this microorganism is shaped like a flattened pear. During this stage, the microbe is about ten to twelve micrometers long and about five to seven micrometers wide. Bilaterally the microbe is symmetrical and has two separate nuclei present. On the anterior side of the organism, there is a large sucking disk. This disk is the mechanism by which the parasite attaches to the mucosa of the host (“Morphology” par 1).
The second morphological stage of G. lamblia is the cyst form. The cyst is generally egg-shaped and measures eight to fourteen micrometers in length. The width of the cyst is ...view middle of the document...


Once cysts of G. lamblia have entered the human body, symptoms of giardiasis many appear as early as three days after exposure. Symptoms may also not manifest themselves for up to twenty-five days after exposure. As little as ingestion of just ten cysts is enough to cause giardiasis. Some common symptoms of giardiasis are diarrhea, pale greasy stools, stomach cramps, gas, nausea, vomiting, foul smelling diarrhea, fever, rash, and joint pain (“Conditions Factsheet: Giardiasis” par 6).
Although some healthy people do not get sick from G. lamblia, they can still pass the infection to others (“Conditions Factsheet: Giardiasis” par 3). Certain individuals are at a greater risk for an infection of G. lamblia. Travelers that visit countries in which giardiasis is common are at a high risk. Individuals in a childcare setting are also at an increased risk. Males who engage in sexual intercourse with other males also have a higher risk of being infected with G. lamblia (Parasites – Giardia sec 2).
To prevent an infection of G. lamblia, a practice of good hygiene is essential. Hand washing is a very effective way to prevent the transmission of G. lamblia. Another preventative measure is to avoid water, either drinking or recreational, that may have been contaminated. Food with any potential of being contaminated should also be avoided. During any anal sexual encounter, caution should also be used in order to avoid feces contamination (Parasites – Giardia sec 7).
Once a Giardia infection has been contracted, several drugs can be used to treat the illness. Some common medications used to treat this illness are metronidazole, tinidazolem nitazoxanide, paromomycin, quinacrine, and furazolidone (Parasite – Giardia sec 6). It is also not uncommon for this infection to go away on it’s own in about a month. However, treatment with antibiotics shortens the duration of the illness. While undergoing the recovery process, proper hydration is also critical. Dehydration is very common with diarrhea when vital electrolytes are lost through watery feces (“Conditions Factsheet: Giardiasis” par 11) .

Find Another Essay On Giardia Lamblia

Environmental Transmission of Pathogens Essay

2594 words - 11 pages freshwater. Infection occurs during bathing, swimming, drinking, preparing of food, or in the consumption of food that has been infected with a water-borne pathogen. Most of water-borne pathogens are protozoa, bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Common examples of water-borne pathogens are Cryptosporidium parvum, Giardia lamblia, Campylobacter jejuni, Vibrio cholerae, and Legionella pneumophila, along with many others. Vector-borne transmission

Safety of Public Drinking Water Essay

2273 words - 9 pages in the process of purifying water is focused on disinfecting the water. Water is disinfected to destroy any pathogens, viruses, algae or fungi which may have passed through the filtering process. Some of the possible pathogens include viruses, bacteria, including Escherichia coli, Campylobacter and Shigella, and protozoa, including Giardia lamblia and other Cryptosporidium and algae.Chlorine is one of the most common disinfect methods used today

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Evaluation of School Improvement

1403 words - 6 pages The evaluation process should be progressive to incorporate overall planning, implement changes, which contribute to success. In order to focus on school climate and norms, the evaluation design must include the students, instructions, and outcomes to improve communication and building-level concerns to be address in this response. School Climate and Social Norms The school principal, other staff leaders, and personnel set the tone and the

Case Study: The Benefits of Animal Testing

1757 words - 7 pages Nine year old Amy has already had a rough start in life. She was born with an abnormal heart that hinders her everyday activities. Amy is unable to keep up with kids her own age because she often tires out easily. As a consequence, she has very little friends and is often alone. Amy is forced to take different medications everyday just to survive. Amy’s life consists of medicine, doctors, and constant hospital visits. However, Amy is due for a

Similar Essays

Giarda Lamblia: The Cause For Traveler's Diarrhea

1185 words - 5 pages Introduction Giardia lamblia is a flagellated protozoa parasite, which was observed by Antony van Leeuwenhoek in 1681 (Lujan, 2001). Giardia lamblia was named after Professor A. Giard and Dr. F. Lambl, because they were the first people to describe this disease (CDC, 2012). Giardia lamblia is a parasitic gastrointestinal disease; it is estimated that 20,000 cases occur every year in the U.S., and 20% to 30% occurrence worldwide (Marks, 2014

Water Treatment Essay

744 words - 3 pages The forth step in water treatment is a disinfection. During this stage, disinfectants will be added to kill or inactivate microorganisms that can cause disease in humans. The research on the water sample shows presence of protozoa that cause diseases such as Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia and Naegleria fowleri (Nemerow, Agardy, Sullivan, & Salvato, 2009). Some protozoa and viruses, which may present in water supplies are extremely

Speech: The Health Benefits Of Coconut Oil

719 words - 3 pages pylori, and harmful protozoa such as giardia lamblia. Conclusion I. As we have seen, coconut oil has the benefits. II. There are still a lot of didn’t believe the benefit of coconut oil. III. If you've heard conflicting reports and are concerned about whether or not coconut oil is healthy, keep in mind the natural, unrefined fats in coconut oil are medium chain saturated fats the kind that are more easily converted into energy instead of

Helminths: Parasitic Metazoans, And Prevention Essay

1527 words - 6 pages . Whipworm infection is also common among children; heavy whipworm infection can cause acute symptoms such as diarrhea or dysentery and anemia, and chronic symptoms such as retarded growth and cognitive ability. It can also cause loss of appetite leading to a low nutrient intake. Clinical presentations of whipworm infection are sometimes severe due to concomitant infections with protozoan parasites e.g. Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica, and