Gender Diversity In Discretionary Decisions During Citizen Police Encounters

1082 words - 4 pages

Police Officers have the ability to exercise discretionary control within the realms of their day to day enforcement decisions. They are able to do this without judgment from their peers. This is understood to be one of the few allowances of autonomy given to an officer. Ultimately, a decision to arrest or issue a ticket should be based on the totality of circumstances and should not be related to gender. But in reality, female officers bring a different set of perspectives and experiences to policing and in some instances, are held to a different standard than their male counterparts.
Women still have to prove themselves in a male-dominated workplace. It’s the experiences and viewpoint a police officer brings to the job, along with the desire to uphold the law for the safety of the public that affects discretionary decisions, of which gender is a factor. I do not believe that female officers make similar discretionary decisions during citizen-police encounters than their male counterparts.
Depending upon your view, police discretion can be seen as a beneficial way to deal with some of the less serious crimes or it can be seen as an opportunity for police to abuse their discretion. Selective enforcement of the law allows police to set their priorities according to the greatest need for a particular time. They can use their autonomy to assess a situation and if they deem it appropriate, disregard taking any further action by ignoring the offense completely or issuing a warning.
As citizens, we hope that when police use their vast judgment to decide the course of an action, they are doing it without discriminating, violating ethical codes, using inappropriate means, or putting someone in danger (by not making an arrest). If used correctly, discretionary decisions could help alleviate the already overburdened criminal justice system. Discretionary decisions are good in a situation where police resources are limited. Police, male or female, should be able to make a judgment call as to whether or not to arrest someone for a minor infraction in order to move on to a higher priority or more serious call. (Walker & Katz, 2011, p. 350)
One main difference between how male and female officers make discretionary decisions are based upon workplace expectations. It is no secret that women have the extra burden of having to prove themselves worthy of being part of a traditionally male dominated profession. There are some who feel that women don’t belong in a profession that is known for its traditional Anglo-American (male) values. (Haar & Morash, 1999, p. 304).
In the article Women on Patrol: Analysis of Differences in Officer Arrest Behavior, it was suggested that female officers were more likely to make arrest when their commanding officer was supervising them. An interesting contrast here is that when they were in the presence of their peers, they were less likely to make an arrest. The research confirms that male and...

Find Another Essay On Gender Diversity in Discretionary Decisions During Citizen-Police Encounters

Women’s Police Stations: Gender, Violence, and Justice in Sao Paulo, Brazil

1483 words - 6 pages Assistant professor of the Department of Sociology at University of San Francisco, Ceclia Macdowell Santos, writes an impressive book called “Women’s Police Stations: Gender, Violence, and Justice in Sao Paulo, Brazil, ” in hopes of observing the dynamics of the relationship between women and the state in a political regime. In Cecilia Macdowell Santos’s book, it exudes an investigation of the ever changing and complicated association between

Diversity of Enthnicities in Gender and Races in Sports throughout America

1062 words - 5 pages . From baseball to basketball, and even to football, diversity has lacked as a glance into the history of sports is seen. Not only is this diversity of ethnicities, but this has also included gender too. Over the last twenty years an emphasis on cultural diversity has effected American pastimes like sports, as a change in ethnicities and background of players has significantly pushed for equality of all genders and races. Mainly seen in this

Discuss the causes of World War I: What were the major long-term causes of the war? How important were the decisions made by European statesmen during the summer of 1914 in causing the war?

866 words - 3 pages alone.Nationalism, the love and support of one's country, has always existed. During this time, nonetheless, it took part in the culmination of one of the most famous wars in history. As so much pride was devoted to countries, it made the potential for peace between past rivals less likely. It also meant that most nations, particularly the great powers, would rather fight a war than back down from a rival's diplomacy. Since no country felt easy about

"Not So Quiet" as representative of gender in WWII The novel "Not so Quiet" as representative of gendered experience during WWII

1702 words - 7 pages to thoughts of leading female pacifists. Clara Zetkin, a German socialist feminist, is one who comes to mind and her words "Who endangers the well-being of the fatherland? Is it the men who, clad in other uniforms, stand beyond the frontier, men who did not want this war any more than your men did and who do not know why they should have to murder their brothers?" (Zetkin, pg. 145). Zetkin's radical ideas, formed during the first war, are a

Police Discretion

1353 words - 5 pages Police Discretion Police discretion by definition is the power to make decisions of policy and practice. Police have the choice to enforce certain laws and how they will be enforced. “Some law is always or almost always enforced, some is never or almost never enforced, and some is sometimes enforced and sometimes not” (Davis, p.1). Similarly with discretion is that the law may not cover every situation a police officer encounters, so they

Police Discretion

1735 words - 7 pages put to good use their power of discretion everyday and different issues involve different discretionary actions and some, none at all. It is the responsibility and the privilege of police officers to render or implement discretion upon their will.When using force upon apprehending a suspect, discretion is left up to the officer. Depending on the situation, during a traffic stop the use of force should not be needed. If the citizen complies and is

Police Misconduct

8144 words - 33 pages several areas of concern such as the application of 42 USC Section 14141 (Section 14141 ) to the police departments of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and Steubenville, Ohio, both resulting in consent decrees, a willful agreement between parties under the supervision of a judge, in 1997. These examples will help to determine which source of reform is more effective and useful. The reforms presented here are new approaches to police-citizen encounters

Police Power

2272 words - 9 pages enforce the criminal law and preserve public peace. Police understand in this mandate is an obligation to police everyday life matters that originate in the daily lives and activities of citizens within their community. Police interact in some form with the average citizen more often than any other government official. In society today the police play a key role in maintaining a civil society. This role assumes a substantial amount of power and

Discretionary Actions of Law Enforcement

891 words - 4 pages Discretionary Actions of Law Enforcement Discretionary actions of law enforcement in some cases have proven to be an effective tool by all levels of law enforcement for many years, but have also been an ethical problem as well. In the early years of organized law enforcement agencies such as the New York Municipal Police, which began conducting law enforcement activities in the mid-1800s, it was possible for police officers to use their own

Police and Corruption

1271 words - 5 pages is not much the citizen can do, but when it is the citizen acting antagonistically it more than likely will be a determination of guilt.      When a police officers judgment is constantly questioned and his sense of justice is not validated he may lose his commitment to the system. Police are often alienated in the criminal justice system, in a sense there status is demeaned by the decisions of lawyers and judges. They are treated as less

Police

1381 words - 6 pages The police. Twenty-four hours a day, three hundred sixty-five days a year, this division of our government has a mandate to enforce the criminal law and preserve public peace. Understood in this mandate is an obligation to police everyday life matters that originate in the daily lives and activities of citizens within their community. Police interact in some form with the average citizen more often than any other government official. In society

Similar Essays

Gender Differences And Expectations When Engaging In Casual Sex Encounters

1508 words - 6 pages relationship. Research has shown that men are more likely than women to engage in these casual encounters, (Conley, 2010). The motivation behind casual relationships lies on basic evolutionary theory that men would want to engage as many partners as possible to spread their genes while women attempt to find beneficial genes as their potential investment is higher (Li & Kenrick, 2006). These motivations influence the difference in gender expectations when

Gender Diversity In The Workplace Essay

1704 words - 7 pages , companies seek to capitalize on diversity to become more creative and flexible in their business models. Over the past 50 years, employers have seen a vast shift in the demographic of their employee's. Where once specific jobs were held by a specific type and group of people, today, at that same job, anyone from any ethnic background or gender could be expected to perform the tasks assigned. This shift has caused a significant and beneficial

Gender And Sexuality In Second Class Citizen By Emecheta Buchi

1065 words - 5 pages In the book Second Class Citizen, Emecheta Buchi uses gender and sexuality to express the many ways in which society treated women and the obstacles that they had to overcome. Buchi uses this book and the many issues discussed throughout the book as a tool in the argument of gender and sexuality as a social construct; however, the ways of the world and the views of society do not see how the way women were treated back then as anything but

Gender Diversity In Corporate A Governance Report

974 words - 4 pages This report gives the brief overview of the concept of corporate governance, its evolution and its significance in the corporate sector. The report highlights various key issues and concerns that are faced by the organizations while effectively implementing and promoting Corporate Governance. Gender Diversity has been considered a key issue in the Corporate Governance and the details about how the organizations have worked on improving the