Gaius Julius Caesar Essay

1666 words - 7 pages

Gaius Julius Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar has been described as one of the most influential political and military leaders in history. He began the Roman transition from a republic to an empire. Caesar united Rome under his ruthless power; he controlled religion, senate, and the military. He almost made himself emperor, and this was the fact that inspired his assassination.
Caesar was born in Rome on July 12 or 13, 100 BC. He started his education early, as a young man he was placed under the tutorship of M. Antonius Gnipho, a freeborn native of Gaul. Antonius was a well-educated man, and well read in Greek and Latin. Caesar was a product of what could be called the Roman Renaissance; he was well educated in the culture of classical Greece. He was a realist, and very astute; he saw the real problem set out to solve it with great vigor. Julius belonged to the prestigious Julli clan; these were patricians and traced their lineage back to the goddess Venus. His uncle by marriage was Gaius Marius, leader of the Populares. This party was opposed by some of the senatorial faction. Caesar later married Cornelia in 84 BC; she was the daughter of one of Gaius’s associates. These two factors identified Caesar as a radical to certain members of the senate. Lucius Cornelius Sulla, Marius enemy was elected dictator in 82 BC, Sulla ordered Caesar to divorce Cornelia. Caesar refused and fled Rome to Samnium. He did not return to his home until Sulla resigned in 78 BC.
Caesar was captured in 78 BC by pirates on his way to Rhodes, he was said to have raised his ransom, raised a naval force, captured his captors, and had them executed, all while holding no public office. At Rhodes he studied rhetoric under Apollonius Molon, a celebrated master. There is no doubt he used his newly learned rhetoric on the unlucky pirates.
From 73 BC to 69 BC practically nothing is known of his life, in 69 BC he was elected questor, and in the following year served as such on the staff of C. Antistius Vetus, praetor of Spain. Shortly before he took his position he lost his aunt and his wife. When he returned to Rome and married Pompeia, this strange marriage has been considered a politically tactical move in order to gain an eventual strategic advantage.
In 67 BC Pompey the Great had supreme command in the east. Licinius Crassus a rich partician, was bitterly jealous of Pompey’s successes. These two men rivaled for the next dictatorship, so in order to keep up with Pompey, Crassus needs the popular support of the people. Who better to help Crassus then the outspoken and popular Julius Caesar, this alliance was considered a marriage de convenance. Caesar was a governor in Spain for a year, he returned in 60 BC. It was at this point that Julius formed a three-way alliance with Crassus and Pompey. This was known as the First Triumvirate. To cement their relationship further, Caesar gave his daughter Julia to Pompey in marriage. Now properly backed Caesar was elected to...

Find Another Essay On Gaius Julius Caesar

How Did Julius Caesar Affect the City of Rome?

2600 words - 10 pages discussion during that time. Julius Caesar was born on the twelfth of July in the year 100 B C. His father, also Gaius Julius Caesar, was a Praetor who governed the province of Asia and his mother, Aurelia Cotta, was of noble birth. Both held to the Populare ideology of Rome which favored democratization of government and more rights for the lower class as opposed to the Optimate factions’ claim of the superiority of the nobility and traditional

The Roman Empire and Gauis Julius Caesar Octavianus Augustus

998 words - 4 pages remembered. -“Gauis Julius Caesar Octavianus Augustus.” 2014. The Biography.com website.   Works Cited “Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Augustus.” The Biography.com website. 29 May 2014 “Gaius Julius Caesar” Roman Empire Home Page. 30 Apr. 2014 “Julius Caesar” Encyclopedia of World Biography. 29 Apr. 2014 “Julius Caesar” New World Encyclopedia. 20 Feb. 2009

The History of Rome: Julius Caesar

1052 words - 5 pages and raised by his mother, Aurelia, and by his father, Gaius Julius Caesar. (Julius Caesar: Historical Background, April 23, 2014) In around 85 BC, Julius Caesar’s father had died. About a few years later, while Caesar was 18 years old, he married the daughter of a member of the Popular faction in Rome. Her name was Cornelia. She eventually became pregnant with Julius and had a daughter in which they named Julia. Julius was ordered to divorce

The Assassination of Julius Caesar by Marcus Brutus

1118 words - 4 pages On 15 March 44 B.C.E the Roman dictator Julius Creaser was murdered. There are multiple accounts on what took place that day. However all account came far after the day of the incident. When reading the accounts, “The death of Caesar”, written by Caesar's biographer, Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (c.70-c.135), “The Assassination of Julius Caesar” from Marcus Brutus, and In “The Assassination of Julius Caesar” by Nicolaus of Damascus, all accounts

Julius Caesar and The Late Roman Republic

1069 words - 5 pages Julius Caesar was a general and a politician of the late Roman Republic. He greatly influenced the size of the Roman Empire before seizing power and making himself dictator of Rome, which paved the way for the Imperial system. (Julius Caesar 100BC-44BC, April 29th, 2014) Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Augustus was born on July 12th or 13th, 100BC into the prestigious Julius clan. He and his family were closely related to the Marion faction in

The Life and Legend

1253 words - 5 pages , Decimus Brutus Albinus, and Gaius Trebonius. These are just some of the many senators that were part of the conspiracy. On the Ides of March (March 15), 44 B.C. Julius Caesar was killed at the entrance to the senate house. He was stabbed twenty-three times. Historically Caesar's last words have been argued by historians and scholars. One version is the Greek phrase spoken to Marcus Brutus, "You too my brother", and the other is the Latin Phrase "And

Caesar: A Biography By: Christian Meier

1051 words - 4 pages Born in Rome on July 13, 100 BC, Gaius Julius Caesar belonged to the prestigious Julian clan. His father, also called Gaius Julius Caesar, was a quaestor. A quaestor was the lowest rank in the hierarchy of Roman officials. His mother was named Aurelia, the daughter of Lucius Aurelius Cotta, who had been consul in 119 B.C. Little is known of Caesar's early life, however, it is known that the young Caesar's education lay largely in the hands of

Julius Caesar

1121 words - 4 pages Ever wondered what it takes to be a good king or ruler? Julius Caesar is one of the most famous rulers of all time. He was one of Rome’s greatest and most powerful leaders. His changes to the empire helped take Rome to new levels of success. The life of Caesar was short, yet great. It is important to learn about this great man and his many accomplishments. Gaius Julius Caesar was born on July 13th, 100 B.C. to a poor, Patrician family

Julius Caesar As A Real Person Verses Julius Caesar In Shakespeare’s Play

1793 words - 7 pages assassination "" all were forwarded toward making changes in the Roman government.In Shakespeare's play Caesar had been the military leader who was one of the best, before his association. Shakespeare clearly supported this by entitling the play Tragedy of Julius Caesar "" the loss of Caesar was the loss of Roman Republic but the beginning of the Roman Empire.The real Gaius Julius Caesar is still to be understood. "Gaius Julius Caesar, Roman

Why Augustus Caesar was a Better Ruler than Julius Caesar

910 words - 4 pages methods of ruling a dictatorship instead of a democracy were to continue, then Rome might have fallen sooner than expected. Augusts Caesar made sure that Rome would continue to survive for hundreds of years to come by creating the Golden Age of Peace and welfare. Augustus Caesar was a better ruler than his father Julius Caesar. When Julius Caesar was assassinated in March of 44 B.C., Gaius Matius said “'If Caesar, for all his genius, could not

Julius Caeser

587 words - 2 pages On March 15, 44 B.C. Caesar entered the Senate House and was assassinated. A plot had been made by sixty senators which included Marcus Brutus. Caesar was stabbed twenty three times. This day is known as the "The Ides of March". After this happened Rome had another thirteen years of civil war.Bibliography Bibliography Internet Sahlman, Rachel (Researcher) "Julius Caesar" SPECTRUM Home & School Magazine (www.incwell.com/spectrum.html) Accessed January 16, 2000 Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 99 "Caesar, Gaius Julius" 1993 - 1998 Microsoft Corporation

Similar Essays

Assassination: Gaius Julius Caesar Essay

422 words - 2 pages Assassination: Gaius Julius CaesarCaius Julius Caesar, a Roman consul, was a great leader and a terrible dictator.Many of his reforms were excellent, but he also was hungry for the power of Roman Dictator, which would give him absolute power for as long as he required it. Throughout his life he did many things including creating the calendar that we know today, advancing mathematics, and many other scholarly things. When he became dictator in 44

Gaius Julius Caesar Essay

1336 words - 5 pages Gaius Julius Caesar’s vigorous campaign towards becoming one of the most recognized men of Ancient Rome, was what brought him to become just what he strived to become. Did Julius Caesar want to become king of Rome? There are many arguments of both sides but it is a topic in which nobody can solve. Julius Caesar was a Political man, a Military man, and a man of the people; he climbed the Cursus Honorum to be among the best ranks and to be

Julius Caesar: A Brief Biography Essay

1107 words - 5 pages . New York: Simon & Schuster, 2008. Print. Crucifixions would start off with a man being flogged, humiliated, and weakened. After being beaten the criminal would have to carry a cross to the prison yard, the man would be nailed and strapped to the cross naked (Freeman 39). To initially begin, Julius Caesar was born in Rome, Italy in July of the year 100 BC (Kamm 13). Before Julius Caesar was Julius Caesar he was Gaius Julius Caesar (Kamm 13

Julius Caesar: Conqueror, General, Builder, Dictator For Life

1008 words - 5 pages patrician family. This meant that they were noble and were wealthier than the plebeians, who were the common people. (Julius Caesar -- Britannica School) “H is family traced their lineage back to the goddess Venus.” (Julius Caesar -- Britannica School) His uncles and cousins were all consuls and this put Caesar in a place of more power, but higher expectations. His parents were Gaius Caesar, his father, who died when Caesar was 16, and Aurelia