Society dictates acceptable behavior. For many years society viewed family matters as being private and not open for public discussion. Therefore society failed to recognize the evil that alcoholism bestowed upon families and the community. As more and more catastrophic events began to appear in communities, which involved alcohol, society began to recognize the negative effects and the seriousness of alcoholism in families and the impact felt by the community. In 1935, through the efforts of Bill W., a New York stockbroker, and Dr. Bob, An Akron Ohio Surgeon, a fellowship group evolved that eventually became known as Alcoholics Anonymous (Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc., 2012). Through awareness communities began to embrace Alcoholics Anonymous and Al-Anon which provides families with the support needed to achieve hopefulness instead of hopelessness.
Alcoholics Anonymous celebrate the founding date as being June 10, 1935 (Branscum & Sharma, 2010). The fellowship transpired when Bill W. and Dr. Bob, gained the knowledge needed to assist alcoholics to achieve sobriety through their own experiences with alcoholism. Bill W. gained sobriety with the help of an Oxford Group who emphasized on spiritual values for daily living. However, Dr. Bob failed to gain his sobriety while working with an Oxford Group in Akron, Ohio. In 1935 the two men met in Akron, Ohio. Dr. Bob achieved the ability to maintain sobriety by combining the spiritual guidance along with the help of Bill. Both men quickly realized that for many alcoholics to maintain sobriety they needed continuous support. They also realized the best support system came from an alcoholic who maintained sobriety due to the fact they understood what an alcoholic goes through to gain and maintain sobriety. This inspired Dr. Bob and Bill W. to begin their mission in aiding others who suffered from alcoholism (Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc., 2010).
Bill W. and Dr. Bob began working with alcoholics at Akron’s City hospital. A second group of Alcoholics emerged in the fall of 1935 in New York. In 1939 another group also evolved in Cleveland Ohio. After four years, these three groups generated 100 alcoholics who successfully gained and maintained sobriety. Awareness is the key to many successful programs.
As alcoholics began to gain their sobriety through these new found fellowships, a series of articles appeared in the Cleveland Plain Dealer. Cleveland’s group quickly went from 20 memberships to 500 memberships. Meanwhile in New York Dr. Bob and Bill W. organized a board of trustees which became known as The Alcoholic Foundation (Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc., 2012).
As The Alcoholic Foundation board began efforts to raise money for the fellowship, one board member, John Rockefeller Jr., quickly realized that raising money from outside sources may lead to the diversion of their mission. Rockefeller believed the group needed to remain in its infancy form to maintain...