Fascism is a system of government marked by centralization of authority under a dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls, suppression of the opposition through terror and censorship, and typically a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism. Fascism also occurs in our literature such as the great pieces Animal Farm and Nineteen-Eighty-Four by Orwell, Yertle the Turtle by Seuss and Dictator by Kessler. These pieces will now be deeply explored so we can find out what English literature tells us about fascism.
Animal Farm is a novella by George Orwell based upon the rise of Stalin and Russian Revolution and references heavily to authoritarianism, fascism and dictatorships although never referring to them directly.
Snowball and Squealer climbed upon a ladder up to the barn with paint and a brush and wrote the Seven Commandments:
1. Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
2. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.
3. No animal shall wear clothes.
4. No animal shall sleep in a bed.
5. No animal shall drink alcohol.
6. No animal shall kill any other animal.
7. All animals are equal.
These commandments seem too good to be true and they are with the commandments manipulated as quick as they arrived. Starting with the harvest the pigs assume leadership perverting the seventh commandment; all animals are equal. "With their superior knowledge it was natural that they should assume the leadership". This shows the wickedness of the pigs and reveals the truth about the less intelligent creatures. The pigs feel that although 'their' society is meant to be equal they manipulate the other animal’s stupidity to their advantage and assume themselves as leaders. This was the crux of the pigs rising to power.
Upon one of the debates on a Sunday, between Napoleon and Snowball about the construction of the windmill (Napoleon against and Snowball for), the dogs Napoleon had been training as his guard dogs sprang up and viciously attacked Snowball. Snowball hence got chased away from the farm. Yet later Napoleon 'admits' to being for the construction and was only against the construction to get rid of Snowball. This shows that having a dictator means there can not be any contributions or compromises to there decision and will not admit to faltering against the opposition. Snowball from now on uses Snowball much like a scapegoat to blame for the later happenings. Napoleon tries to make Snowball seem evil and corrupt after he left the farm and says he sabotages all the animals plans to make the perfect society. The animals do not believe this at first but are basically forced to accept it when napoleons dogs growl at them. This 'threat' proves Napoleons fascist dictatorship from the fact of the terror he is using to 'persuade'. This is the start of Napoleon's amplifying tyranny and with the animals in his clutches he can make them believe anything he wishes including changing the Seven Commandments into...