Emperor Augustus Essay

1587 words - 6 pages

Student's Last Name 1
Emperor AugustusWhen examining men in ancient Western civilization, it would be hard to disregard the profound impact that Augustus Caesar left. Often regarded as the father of the Roman Empire, Augustus was responsible for transforming the unruly republic into one of the most well-known empires in the world. (Everitt)The man who would come to be known as Augustus and one of Rome's greatest and first emperors was born as Gaius Octavius on 23 September, 63 BC. He was raised in the small town of Velitrae, about twenty-five miles southeast of Rome. (Southern, 1) Octavius was born to a wealthy equestrian, or knight family which was considered to fall in the middle class. However, his family was far above the equestrian minimum in property ownership. Octavius was not close with his biological father, as he died when he was only four years old. His mother Atia, was the niece of Gaius Julius Caesar, a rich and powerful Roman politician and general. Octavius didn't meet his great uncle until he was a teenager and took a great liking for the boy, arranging for him to receive various decorations and become an honorary member of the Julian clan. (Everitt, 35)On March 15th 44 BC, Julius Caesar was assassinated. Upon hearing the news, Octavius was grief-stricken. He further learned that Caesar had written a will leaving him with three-quarters of his wealth, and had posthumously adopted him as his son. His mother and stepfather warned him not to accept his new dangerous inheritance as the son of Caesar; however, Octavius rejected their position and accepted the legacy, stating that he would succeed to his power and avenge his father's murder. (Everitt, 57) He then changed his name to Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus. He didn't use the name of Octavianus, instead he preferred to be addressed as 'Caesar'. Historians however, refer to him as Octavian until he later was donned the new name of 'Augustus' in 27 BC.Octavian began his rise to power when he formally accepted his adoption as the heir of Caesar. Mark Antony, Caesar's close associate and unofficial second in command, was the executer of Caesar's will. When Octavian demanded that Antony relinquish the funds to pay out every Roman citizen 300 sesterces, Antony refused. (Matyszak, 80) As a result, Octavian raised the funds himself, which greatly increased his standing and popularity with the Roman people.Cicero, a long time enemy of Antony, attacked him in a series of speeches known as the Phillippics. When Antony left Rome to take command in Gaul, Cicero managed to persuade the senate into declaring him an enemy of the state. Thus in 43 BC, Octavian along with Hirtius and Pansa were sent to Mutina to aid one of Caesar's assassins, Decimus Brutus, whom Antony was fighting against in Cisalpine Gaul. (Matyszak 82) After two battles, Antony was defeated and Hirtius and Pansa were killed in battle, leaving Octavian in command of two consular armies. When the senate told Octavian to give the...

Find Another Essay On Emperor Augustus

The Character and Achievements of Roman Emperor Augustus

842 words - 3 pages . Although the piece references many great works of Augustus, the general tone of the work and the particular way Suetonius wrote about him was a lot less praiseful than it appears to be. He explains some Augustus’ less dignified moments in his life and many of his cruel acts as emperor. Tacitus, the Annals of Imperial Rome by Tacitus portrays a very different image of Augustus. He praises Augustus on occasion however, he also mentions his less

"I found Rome a city of brick and left it a city of marble" (Augustus, Res Gestae) To what extent does Augustus' public building programme explain his success as emperor?

1401 words - 6 pages There are many reasons for which Augustus was successful emperor amongst which his building programme plays a vital role. Besides his building programme Augustus also used other means to become successful and the main ones are his avoidance of being seen as an arrogant leader or dictator, keeping his promises, claimed to act in the ways and will of their ancestors, he was selfless, he put on games and also his victories at war. The period

Augustus

751 words - 3 pages that Augustus was more than a man, but not quite a god. The Senate gave him other great names and titles that had been held by other officials in the Republic. They also gave him the legal power to rule Rome's religious, civil and military affairs, with the Senate as an advisory body, effectively making him Emperor. After the death of Lepidus, he gained even more power with the title of Pontifex Maximus, or “chief priest”. Later, Augustus was named

Septimius Severus

1755 words - 7 pages There are many Roman emperors and there are a few that people see as experiencing success. In a recent survey by worldaffairsboard.com Augustus, Marcus Aurelius and Trajan were voted as the best. Septimius Severus who was also a great emperor was not even on the list. There are many things that go into making a good emperor such as military strength, taxes and life of the people in Rome. Septimius Severus was a great emperor because he had many

Augustus Caesar – The Greatest Ruler in the Ancient World

1697 words - 7 pages In the ancient world, some men were born into greatness while others dedicated their life to becoming great. Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar was part of the latter due to his achievements that set the foundation for an empire devastated by civil war. Despite the turmoil of the Roman Empire after the assassination of his adoptive father, Julius Caesar, he led Rome to social, political and economic prosperity and stability. His military tactics

Augustus Caesar

1013 words - 4 pages Augustus Caesar Works Cited Missing Augustus Caesar, the Rome's first true Emperor was the historical figure who had the greatest impact upon the western world between the dawn of civilization and the end of the middle ages. Augustus Caesar (31B.C. - 14 A.D.) was originally named Gaius Octivian, the name Augustus was granted by the Roman Senate, which means magnificent. The success of Augustus was he developed an honest government, and

Augustus Ceasar of Rome

1260 words - 6 pages also engaged in remaking Rome through large and small gestures (forming a new forum, and establishing a fire and police department). Later Years and Death In the later years of the emperor, he seemed to withdraw away from the public’s eye, but still attended to public businesses. Augustus married three times throughout his life, his first being Mark Antony’s stepdaughter Clodia Pulchra. He divorced her to marry Scribonia, who was the one to bore

Augustus Caesar

2310 words - 9 pages , Companion 105).When Augustus became emperor, he tried to drastically reduce the size of the Senate on several occasions. Unlike Julius Caesar, he did not think just anyone should be allowed to be a Senator. He thought all those who were unworthy to be a Senator were to be kicked out of office. After many futile attempts, he abandoned the quest to eliminate those he felt were unworthy to be a Senator. Also, Augustus had to be careful and not

Augustus

1470 words - 6 pages Augustus and His Success in Creating a Strong and Religious State Throughout his life, Augustus, the first emperor of Rome and self-proclaimed “restorer of the Republic”, sought to improve society. After a disastrous century of disorder, internal turmoil and a political system that was ultimately unsatisfactory for the empire, Augustus attempted to formulate a new Roman government and way of life. He believed that the degradation of

This Is A Biography On Augustus Caesar. Tells About His Life And Accomplishments As A Ruler Of Rome

2470 words - 10 pages power. (Hornblower, Companion 105).When Augustus became emperor, he tried to drastically reduce the size of the Senate on several occasions. Unlike Julius Caesar, he did not think just anyone should be allowed to be a Senator. He thought all those who were unworthy to be a Senator were to be kicked out ofoffice. After many futile attempts, he abandoned the quest to eliminate those he felt wereunworthy to be a Senator. Also, Augustus had to be

Augustus' Reign

543 words - 2 pages Augustus, during his reign as emperor proved effective in ruling through the ideas he implemented to solidify his country. Tacitus stated “nullo adversante” which translates into English “Wholly unopposed” (http://janusquirinus.org/Quotes/QuotesHome.html) this identifies the effectiveness of his reign and the strength he had politically over Rome. Important actions such as the creation of religious and moral reforms, the constitutional agreement

Similar Essays

Augustus And Emperor Worship Essay

821 words - 3 pages ROMAN RELIGIONAUGUSTUS AND EMPEROR WORSHIPAugustus carried out various measures to revive traditional religion, but was careful to avoid the semblance of a dictator or tyrant. The very title 'Augustus' had religious connotations, meaning 'a person in whom numen was increased.' The concept of the ruler as a god, however, was new to Rome. Although statues of leaders were made during the republic, they were not regarded as gods. Julius Caesar set

Augustus: First Emperor Of Rome Essay

925 words - 4 pages Augustus: First Emperor of Rome “I found Rome built of bricks; I leave her clothed in marble.” - Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (cliojournal.wikispaces.com) Augustus, born Gaius Octavius, also known Augustus Caesar or Octavian, or by his adopted name Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, is one the Rome’s most iconic emperors. Born on September 23 in the year 63 B.C., and the great-nephew of Julius Caesar, Augustus ascended to the throne after Caesar’s

Augustus Caesar The First Roman Emperor

779 words - 3 pages Augustus Caesar - The First Roman Emperor In ancient history there have been many great leaders who had saved the Roman Empire from destruction and demise. The leaders and heroes of the Roman Empire are countless, but one leader stands out from all the rest. Augustus Caesar’s contributions to Roman history helped make Rome the dominant empire we know of today. Augustus Caesar was without a question the greatest political leader in the

Should Augustus Have Been The First Emperor?

787 words - 4 pages with Cleopatra, while his wife and brother rebelled against Octavius’ rule. Antony traveled back to Rome, not knowing that his wife had died. Octavius, known now as Augustus, was now related to Antony. At the current time of their relation, Augustus was known as the patriarch of Rome, being their first emperor. Antony accused Octavian of being “usurper, forging evidence of his adoption by Caesar” (“Mark Antony”). Octavian responded to the insult