Emily Bronte's Wuthering Heights Essay

2622 words - 10 pages

Emily Bronte's Wuthering Heights

Emily Jane Bronte, the author of Wuthering heights, was born on July
30, 1818. She was the fifth of six children of Patrick and Maria
Bronte and the family moved to their house in Haworth(where Emily
would remain for most of her life), with her family having a great
influence on her life and work. During her life she encountered a
great deal of death, firstly when her mother died of stomach cancer in
September of 1821, leaving Emily's aunt Elizabeth to take of their
household chores. Two of her sisters, Maria and Elizabeth, also died
at an early age after catching TB after they and Emily and Charlotte
were sent to a harsh school, Cowan Bridge. Charlotte also became ill
so the two of them returned home. In 1843 Aunt Elizabeth also died.

All the sisters had a hidden passion for poetry and all wrote in
secret, until one day in 1845 charlotte found one of Emily's poems and
the sisters confessed and decided to collectively publish a book
entitled "Poems" under the pen names of Curer, Ellis and Acton Bell,
but the book proved to be unsuccessful. They decided to switch to
novel writing after persuasion from their brother Branwell, which led
to her writing "Wuthering Heights." Branwell later got hooked on drugs
and alcohol and Emily remained close and tried to help right up to his
death in September 1848. At his funeral Emily caught a cold which
developed into a fatal chest infection. She died on December 19, 1848
aged 30.

Her brother was a big influence on Emily. He was the only son in the
family and so bore the burden of his family's expectations. He was a
man of great promise and there were ambitious plans for him to enter
the Royal Academy of Art but they turned out to be unrealistic and
other careers also failed. His love life was also largely a failure
and an affair with a pupil's mother made it impossible to find new
employment. He became very unstable and in the last three years of his
life, which were spent back at the Haworth, he became an alcoholic and
addicted to drugs. He even painted a picture of the siblings only to
later paint himself out. He made Emily weak after she worked hard to
try and get him to quit his addiction with his funeral finally killing
her. The character Hindley shows many similarities with Branwell.

Besides her brother there were also many other influences in her life
which influenced Emily's work. Her family home was set in the
Yorkshire Moors which were very bleak and stormy and their house
overlooked a dark graveyard, which Emily loved, it later became the
setting for Wuthering Heights. She was also greatly inspired by the
works on her father's bookshelf which she would love to read. They
include pieces by Homer, Virgil, Shakespeare, Milton, Byron, Scott and
many others. Her writing also includes many gothic...

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