Effects Of The Black Death Of The 1300s

702 words - 3 pages

The Black Plague (also known as the Black Death or Bubonic Plague) of the 1300s is considered by many historians to be one of the most influential events in the history of Europe. Originating in Asia, the Black Plague has three forms; Bubonic which affects the lymph nodes, pneumonic which affects the lungs, and septicemia which affects the blood. Through examining the effects of the Plague on Europe and its people, it is clear that politics, social life, and economics were all irreparably thrown off balance. Perhaps the part of Europe disturbed most by the Black Death was politics.
Politics in Europe changed dramatically; Serfs began got higher pay, and feudalism weakened. In 14th century Europe, the government was run by feudalism. However, due to the plague feudalism began to rapidly decline. The population was reduced by one third and labor became a valuable commodity. Because so many serfs were taken by the plague, they became much more valuable and people came to terms with how much they needed them. Life for the people became closer to renaissance times, where all people were equal. Feudalism weakening can be pinpointed to money and death, both which were also associated with the destruction of Europe’s economy.
As a result of so much death, many families began to lose money and couldn’t keep businesses or pay taxes. Money in Europe had always been disturbed in this order: Kings, Barons, Knights and lastly, Serfs. As more and more people began to die, the distribution of money was uneven, and people of higher status began to lose their power. This also meant that people of lower status gained power as a result of difficulty to find workers. Due to this and the commonality of surplus land, the price of labor was raised, and the value of land decreased. The economy was being torn apart by deaths of every day people as well. Citizens who owed money died along with all of their family members, and their creditors had to one to collect from. Landlords in the country side stopped letting their serfs be free and tried to force more...

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