Educational Benefits And Veteran Success Essay

1453 words - 6 pages

The Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944, also known as the GI Bill of Rights (GI Bill), was signed into law on June 22, 1944, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt (United States Department of Veterans Affairs, 2012). It was a pivotal point in history, which has impacted the United States socially, economically and politically. Today, educational benefits are primary tools used to recruit service members. In 2007-2008, about 4 percent of all undergraduates and about 4 percent of all graduate students were veterans or military service members (Radford, 2011). Furthermore, the recent expansions in benefits increase the use of education benefits by veterans will grow almost 5 percent (Simon, Negrusa, & Warner, 2009). To improve the success in higher education, veterans must ensure they keep updated on current educational assistance programs as well as other educational services provided by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and their institutions.
Prior to war and the passage of the GI Bill the average American could only dream about college and owning a home. Designed to be used for college, technical or vocational courses, apprenticeship/on-the-job ship/on-the-job training, certificate programs, flight training and correspondence courses and home loan guaranty, the GI Bill has been credited with establishing the foundation of today’s middle class. By 1984, when the GI Bill was revamped, 7.8 World War II Veterans had participated in education or vocational training programs. The updated program became known as the Montgomery GI Bill (MGIB), after former Mississippi Congressman Gillespie V. “Sonny” Montgomery. His goal was to continue education programs and the VA home loan guaranty for the latest as well as, future generations of veterans. When the MGIB program was first implemented, the monthly benefit was $300 for a veteran with three or more years of service and a maximum of $10, 800 for a total of 36 months. (Simon, Negrusa, & Warner, 2009). Currently, the MGIB program provides up to 36 months of education benefits with the maximum monthly benefit at $1,473 and are payable for 10 years following release from active duty.
In 2008, the passage of the Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Act of 2008, also known as the Post-9/11 GI Bill, was passed, which provided veterans with active-duty service on, or after, September 11, 2001. The Post-9/11 GI Bill program is substantially different from previous VA education benefits or GI Bill programs because it provides improved educational benefits that cover extended educational expenses that include a living allowance, textbook stipend, a one-time rural relocation payment as well as the ability to transfer unused education benefits to spouses or children. Moreover, the Post-9/11 GI Bill is designed to cover tuition as well as fees for in-state public undergraduate higher education for eligible veterans. Furthermore, for private institutions, graduate education, and out-of-state tuition...

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