Ecosystem Literature Review

1872 words - 7 pages

Ecosystem Literature Review

The aquatic ecosystems are home to some of the most diverse life forms on the planet. From plankton and plants to fish and even to large mammals, the aquatic ecosystem provides shelter to such a diverse range of life that few other ecosystems can ever compare to this large scope. In the aquatic ecosystem, there are many factors that allow for biotic life to flourish. Some of these factors include biodiversity, energy flow, and nutrient cycling. Not only do these factors allow for the prosperity of the aquatic ecosystem function, but also allow for the proper function of the other factors.
Ecosystem function can be seen as the "collective metabolic activities of organisms within a habitat consume energy and move matter between organic and inorganic pools". Biodiversity helps ecosystem maintain these actives in a stable manner. (Shahid 2002). Biodiversity, which is both genetic and ecological diversity in an ecosystem, allows for an ecosystem to react and survive under changing conditions (Hooper/ et all 2005). Biodiversity's role in the aquatic ecosystem can be described as the "security blanket" because biodiversity helps promote the resilience of an ecosystem, which comes into place through the interactions between biota and their environment (Cropp and Gabric 2002). As biodiversity increases, the ability of an ecosystem to overcome not only physical challenges, but also its ability to combat invasive species also increases. This ability to combat "local invasions" occurs because the native species use the limited resources that are present in an area. So, if an invasive species tries to colonize an area with high biodiversity, it will have a lot of trouble due to the limited amount of "free" resources available. This is a result of the local biota's ability to "provide more consistent utilization of space". But with a lack of biodiversity in an ecosystem, a foreign species will have an easier time of integrating into the ecosystem, therefore changing the chemical and biological properties of it . These alterations in ecosystems can make it more challenging for the native species to live and survive. This could potentially ruin the health and stability of an ecosystem (Stachowicz/ et all 2002). Furthermore, if biodiversity is sustained in an ecosystem, plant function within an ecosystem also increases. As plant function, also known as primary productivity, increases, many other important ecosystem-level processes (including nutrient cycling and energy flow) also increase. (Srivastava and Vellend 2005). Thus, biodiversity affects the health of an ecosystem, and points to the importance of energy flow within an ecosystem.
Energy flow, "the transfer of energy from one part of the ecosystem to another" is the battery that fuels all biotic species within an ecosystem. Like batteries, energy is depleted over time, so it must be "recharged". This source of energy comes from the sun, which is considered the...

Find Another Essay On Ecosystem Literature Review

Learning Within E-learning Ecosystems Essay

1218 words - 5 pages ABSTRACT This paper evaluates the critical success factors within an e-learning ecosystems namely the principles and methods, processes and systems, and substance and content of teaching and learning. A qualitative approach was adopted to evaluate the critical success factors involving two principal data collection methods; a thorough and systematic review literature and in-depth interviews with e-learning providers. The interviewees

Biodiversity and Biodiversity Indices Essay

1107 words - 4 pages and physical characteristics.The measurement of ecosystem diversity is still in its infancy. Nevertheless, ecosystem diversity is an essential element of total biodiversity and accordingly should be reflected in any biodiversity assessment.It also seems that even trying to express biodiversity in numbers is a highly important issue in biodiversity assessments. A quick dip into the literature on diversity reveals a bewildering range of indices, each


3403 words - 14 pages   1. Introduction This review assesses the role of fire in ecosystem within theoretical framework of disturbance. Fire has essentially been considered disturbance which represents one of the oldest forms of interaction between human and environment. This review traces the history of fire and various types of interaction between human and environment in which fire has played a central role. There are total seven sections in this review

Defining Resilience: C.S. Holling

909 words - 4 pages Defining Resilience It was C S Holling in 1973 that introduced the term ‘Resilience’ into ecological literature as a way of understanding non-linear dynamics observed in the ecosystem. Resilience theory is referred to the capacity of a social ecological system to withstand shock and to re-build and re-new itself. According to C S Holling father of resilience theory “whatever you do climate is going to change, some of them will be sudden, some


1564 words - 7 pages Review Valuing Ecosystem Services and Natural Resources The total economic value of a resource comprises use and non-use values. Non-use values of a resource are option value, bequest value and existence value. The use value for a resource comprises direct use value, indirect use value and option value (Hodge and Dunn, 1992). Due to information asymmetry, uncertainty and other factors, private markets fail to determine the true value of

Dharavi Solutions

2291 words - 9 pages ecosystem. Therefore the provided outcome of the research highlights the importance of using Dharavi as a leading example in future sustainability pursuits for Mumbai.[1: Harding, D][2: Kale, O][3: Harding, D]IntroductionMumbai's mass urbanization has accelerated over the past sixty years. Large groups of India's poor from rural settings have migrated into the now megacity of Mumbai leading to its metropolitan population skyrocketing to about 21

Value Creation

912 words - 4 pages companies on process of value framing (Grӧnroos 2011). The aim of the paper is discuss and criticism the part of resource integration, value co-creation, customer and employee role on value creation process. Furthermore, course literature were used to explicate and support the argument in this paper related to the topic. Other source such as websites, articles, and journals, also used as reference to illustrate more in practical. To start with

Swiss Forest Data

1437 words - 6 pages simplistic stoichiometry initiated consequent studies investigating C:N:P ratios in terrestrial ecosystems (Cleveland and Liptzin 2007). These Redfield-like correlations are not as uniform in the soil ecosystems in comparison to aquatic systems. However, when considering the varied and complex factors that influence soil, this is to be expected (Tian et al 2009). In a literature review, Cleveland and Liptzin (2007) identified a well constrained C:N:P

The Emerging Field of Social Entrepreneurship

2180 words - 9 pages theoretical model it will add clarity and understanding to the common misconceptions within the field. Literature Review: Social Entrepreneurship: Social entrepreneurs are defined as individuals who start up and lead new organizations or programs that are dedicated to mitigating or eliminating a social problem, deploying change strategies that differ from those that have been used to address the problem in the past (Bloom & Chatterji 2009). Social


1464 words - 6 pages the resource-based view. Journal Of Management, 27:643. Bloom, P. N., & Chatterji, A. K. (2009). Scaling Social Entrepreneurial Impact. California Management Review, 51:114-133. Bloom, P.N. and Dees, J.G., 2008. Cultivate your ecosystem. Stanford social innovation review, 6:46-53. Bloom, P.N. and Smith, B.R. (2010). Identifying the Drivers of Social Entrepreneurial Impact: Theoretical Development and an Exploratory Empirical Test of

music of palawan

5494 words - 22 pages , outdoor recreation, and spiritual significance)[56]There have been many claims about biodiversity's effect on these ecosystem services, especially provisioning and regulating services. After an exhaustive survey through peer-reviewed literature to evaluate 36 different claims about biodiversity's effect on ecosystem services, 14 of those claims have been validated, 6 demonstrate mixed support or are unsupported, 3 are incorrect and 13 lack enough

Similar Essays

Ecosystem Services: Deforestation And Soil Erosion

2067 words - 8 pages variety of benefits”. In subsequent years, services were referred to as “public services” and “nature’s services”, and finally the term “ecosystem services” were used by Ehrlich and Ehrlich in 1981. The “mainstreaming of ecosystem services in the literature” (Gomez-Baggethun et al., 2009) followed in the 1990s. The controversial article by Costanza et al. (2007) titled “The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital”, was a

Environmental Economics: A Short Evaluation Of The Monetary Valuation Of Ecosystem Goods And Services

885 words - 4 pages more sustainable development outcomes. Works Cited Costanza R., D'Arge R., De Groot R., Farber S., Grasso M., Hannon B., Limburg K., Naeem S., O'Neill R., Paruelo J., Raskin R., Sutton P., & Van Den Belt M. (1997) "The Value of the World's Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital." Nature 387: 253-60. Web. 8 Nov. 2013. (2005) "The Economic, Social and Ecological Value of Ecosystem Services: A Literature Review." EFTEC Web. 8 Nov. 2013. Norton

The Challenges Of Non Timber Forest Ecosystem Services Approach

1760 words - 8 pages better valuation on forests itself. Works Cited Costanza, R., d’Arge, R., de Groot, R., Farber, S., Grasso, M., M Hannon, B., Limburg, K., Naeem, S., O’Neill, R, V., Paruelo. J., Raskin R G., Sutton P., and van de Belt, 1997, The Value of World’s Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital, Nature Eftec, 2005, The Economic, Social, and Ecological Value of Ecosystem Services: A Literature Review. Eftec. London Food and Agriculture Organization

Mobile Payment Services Essay

2578 words - 11 pages leadership traits, organization culture and organization structure have impact in adopting strategic management in the LAs; and d) To highlight any other finding that is of interest and contribute towards the collaboration –Computation model in MP Ecosystem 5. Literature Review Literature review very briefly explores one aspect of the research field: (1) Business ecosystem (2) ??(3) ?? ( Still reviewing a theories to find the appropriate