Depersonalization Disorder Essay

619 words - 3 pages

Everyone has been in a depersonalized state whether they realized what it was or not, but when someone is constantly or recurrently feeling as if they’re watching themselves in a movie, it becomes depersonalization disorder. Depersonalization disorder is a dissociative disorder that is characterized by a sense of detachment from yourself, others, and reality in general. Much like all other dissociative disorders, it is a disruption of a person’s waking consciousness.
Though the direct cause of depersonalization remains unknown, some researchers believe that it may be linked to an imbalance of chemicals in the brain. A recent study by Mount Sinai School of Medicine showed that there is a reduced metabolic rate in an individual experiencing depersonalization in Brodmann’s areas 21 (the middle temporal gyrus) and 22 (the superior temporal gyrus) compared to a healthy brain. These parts of the brain are responsible for general things like processing sounds and distances, ...view middle of the document...

Various cases have also proven that it can be caused by post-concussion syndrome and other traumatic brain injuries. The wide range of symptoms include the sense that you’re just observing your thoughts and actions, dullness of your responses and senses, and consciousness that your symptoms are only feelings and not reality. Other symptoms are the feeling that your body or parts of your body are distorted, feeling like you’re watching yourself or floating above yourself, and feeling emotionally disconnected.
To be diagnosed with depersonalization disorder, the following criteria must be met:
• The feeling of estrangement from yourself, recurrently or constantly
• You know that your depersonalization is not reality
• It causes significant impairment in daily functioning
• It is not caused by direct physical effects of a drug or substance

When someone firsts starts to look for treatment, they may begin with their usual clinician, where they should be given references to neurologists or psychiatrists. Treatment for this disorder involves psychological therapy to help make an understanding of why you may have developed this disorder, and how you can train yourself to make the symptoms disappear. Counseling may also help with any underlying condition like anxiety and depression. The therapy may teach techniques that will help you to deplete the sense of depersonalization, including dialectical behavioral therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. Some psychologists believe that medications for depression and anxiety help with the overall treatment of the disorder. Some medications that have been shown to help are fluoxetine, clomipramine, and clonazepam.
Of all the adults in the US, about 50% of them have experienced one or two episodes of depersonalization as a result anxiety and stress, with less than 200,000 developing the disorder, females being twice as likely to diagnose it. 1/3 of people dealing with trauma or life threatening illnesses and 40% of psychiatric cases report experiences of depersonalization. Your risk of developing depersonalization disorder increases if you have anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, PTSD, panic disorder, or dissociative identity disorder. Your risk also increases if you’ve witnessed or personally been involved in a traumatic event.

Find Another Essay On Depersonalization Disorder

Conversion Disorder Essay

862 words - 3 pages disorders are coded as F44.7 and they include dissociative fugue (F44.1) – characterized by purposeful travel beyond the usual everyday range, dissociative stupor (F44.2) – absence of voluntary movement, Trance and possession disorders (F44.3) – temporary loss of sense of personal identity. DSM IV further lists five types of dissociative disorder which are depersonalization disorder (DSM- IV Code 300.6) – characterized by periods of detachment from

Dissociating the World: Dissociative Identity Disorder

1610 words - 6 pages : the first one is Dissociative Amnesia which is when someone blocks out certain information, normally being from a stressful or traumatic event. Second on the list is Dissociative Fugue; fugue is the Latin word for “flight” and those with dissociative fugue temporarily lose their sense of personal identity and can impulsively wander or travel from where they are currently located. Depersonalization disorder is the next one on the list. When

Dissociative Identity Disorder

1202 words - 5 pages by a medical condition” (Mayo Clinic, 2011, np). Some of the main symptoms of this disorder are: depersonalization, derealization, depression, anxiety, amnesia, hallucinations, and substance abuse. Causes Research has found that Dissociative Identity Disorder is usually provoked as a way to cope with some sort of trauma. Diagnosis of Dissociative Identity Disorder has been attributed primarily to, “exposure to situations of extreme

Dissociative Identity Disorder

1373 words - 6 pages their personal history. This is the start of the process of how psychologist diagnose dissociative disorders. Symptoms of Dissociative Identity disorder can include changing levels of functioning from highly effective to nearly disabled and low, severe headaches or pains in other parts of the body, depersonalization, depression or mood swings, anxiety, nervousness, and panic attacks. Other symptoms include hallucinations such as sensory experiences

David Rosenhan's Experiment

1631 words - 7 pages to the psychiatric ward, the pseudo-patient ceased simulating any symptoms of abnormality” (Rosenhan). The pseudo-patients immediately started acting sane after being admitted into the hospital. The staff members were quick to diagnosed them with a psychiatric disorder upon admission. “Seven of the volunteers were diagnosed as schizophrenic and the other as a manic depressive psychotic” (Brown). All of the pseudo-patients were labeled without

Dissociative Identity Disorder

1299 words - 5 pages Dissociative Identity Disorder, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV-TR), is “characterized by the presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states that recurrently take control of the individual’s behavior accompanied by an inability to recall important personal information that is too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness. It is a disorder characterized by

Information: Bipolar Disorder

1671 words - 7 pages Bipolar disorder is classified as a chronic illness that may require a life-long treatment plan to keep under control. Bipolar disorder is also known as manic-depressive disorder. A person that has bipolar disorder can experience drastic variations in their moods ranging from manic highs to depressive lows. Bipolar experiences can vary all depending on the individual. Through this paper we will look at the influences, causes, symptoms, and

Post-Traumatic-Stress-Disorder Research Paper

1002 words - 5 pages     Post-traumatic-stress-disorder (PTSD) is part of many veteran’s lives in the U.S. today. PTSD is a serious mental and emotional disorder that people often don’t understand or don’t know about. It’s defined as a mental illness that develops after a person has lived through a traumatizing event, such as sexual assault, physical abuse, threat of death, or serious injury. Most people who experience a distressing event don’t develop PTSD, but

Dissociative Identity Disorder

1118 words - 5 pages normal integrative process of consciousness, perception, memory and identity, which define selfhood (Pias, 2009). Symptoms of dissociation includes amnesia, depersonalization, identity confusion, age regression, hearing internal voices, and identity alteration (). Dissociative identity disorder is believed to result from the splitting of conscious awareness and control of ones thoughts, feelings, memories and mental components as a response to

Models of Development and the Relation to the Effects of Dissociative Disorders

1090 words - 5 pages , touch, remember, and think about the things around us. When experiencing a dissociative state, however, we separate from part or all of our immediate surroundings" (Libal 10). While most people experience mild dissociation throughout their life, there are others that experience it more severely and much more often. Dissociative identity disorder, formerly known as multiple personality disorder, depersonalization disorder, dissociative fugue, and

Multiple Personality Disorder

1995 words - 8 pages seeing and connecting themselves to the world . This disorder was formerly known as Multiple Personality Disorder , and is frequently called split personality disorder . The actions of victims with Multiple Personality Disorder are determined by the personality that is dominant at a specific time. “In the category of Dissociative Disorder there are four main disorders: depersonalization, dissociative fugue and dissociative identity disorder

Similar Essays

Depersonalization Disorder Essay

1180 words - 5 pages Depersonalization Disorder: Peer Reviewed JournalAbstractDepersonalization disorder is characterized by feelings of detachment and feelings of unreality. The scholarly article Depersonalization: A Contemporary Overview talks about the disorder in detail and also talks about possible treatment options. The magazine article Understanding Dissociation and its Relationship to Self-Injury and Childhood Trauma talks about the relationship between self

Dissociative Disorders Essay

775 words - 3 pages The Dissociative Disorders category of the DSM-IV-TR, is characterized by a disruption in the functions of perception, identity, consciousness, or memory. The disorders in the Dissociative Disorders category include Dissociative Amnesia, Dissociative Fugue, Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), Depersonalization Disorder and Dissociative Disorder Not Otherwise Specified. All of the disorders in the Dissociative Disorders category need to be

Dissociative Disorders Essay

596 words - 2 pages dissociates themselves from a situation or experience too traumatic to integrate with his conscious self. There are four main dissociative disorders: dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue, dissociative identity disorder (previously called multiple personality disorder), and depersonalization disorder.Dissociative amnesia is the memory loss of personal information resulting from a traumatic event in one's life. There are four prominent types of

Dissociative Disorder Essay

1157 words - 5 pages Dissociative disorder is a disorder characterized by involuntarily escaping reality. A person with this disorder may be in this state for what feels like hours but in actuality it is only a few minutes. Dissociative disorder can be split into four different categories such as Dissociative amnesia, Dissociative identity disorder, Dissociative fugue, depersonalization disorder. Each of these disorders share the same symptoms. Some symptoms