Denmark, also known as “Kongeriget Danmark” meaning “Kingdom of Denmark”, is located in northern Europe. It is between the North Sea (on the west) and the Baltic Sea (on the Southeast). In the south, it shares a 68-km border with Germany. To be exact, Denmark’s geographic location is 56ºN and 10ºE. The total area of Denmark is 43,094 km², slightly less than twice the size of Massachusetts. Denmark has a population of 5,305,048, about 118 per km².
There are 14 counties all together in Denmark; they include Arhus, Bornhoms, Frederiksborg, Fyns, Kobenhavns, Nordyjllands, Ribe, Ringkobing, Roskilde, Sonderjyllands, Staden Kobenhavn, Sotstorms, Vejle, Vestsjaellands, and Viborg. Greenland also belongs to Denmark. Its national capital is Copenhagen.
Denmark has a temperate, humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers. The mean temperature in summer is about 61ºF and it is about 32ºF in the winters. They have a low and flat to gently rolling terrain. The lowest point in Denmark is Lammefjord, which is 7 m. The highest is Ejer Bavenhoj which is 173 m. Petroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, sand, gravel, and stone are Denmark’s natural resources.
The Danish Flag is red with a white cross that extends to the edges of the flag. The vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side.
Denmark is a Constitutional Monarchy with the legislative power together vested in the regent and the Parliament, according to the constitution. They were first organized as a unified state and then became a Constitutional Monarchy in the 10th Century. They are actually the oldest monarchy in the world.
The parliamentary system has been unicameral since 1953. There are 179 members who are elected in four-year terms. The Prime Minister can call an early election if needed. There have never been less than eight parties represented in the Folketing (Parliament) in the last 20 years. All Danes who are 18 years of age who are permanent residents are eligible to vote and also stand for election to the Folketing.
The largest party of Denmark is the Social Democratic party, which was founded in 1871; it has a membership of about 100,000. Other governing parties include Conservative People’s party, Socialist People’s party, and Liberal party.
Right now the ruler of Denmark is Queen Margaret II. The Prime Minister is Poul Nyrup Rasmussen (Social Democrat).
10,000 years ago, when the ice retreated from Scandinavia, Denmark was already settled. It is said that Danes inhabiting the southern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula migrated to the Jutland Peninsula and the adjacent islands in the Baltic Sea in the 5th and 6th century.
The Danes invaded the British Isles in the 780s. They were actually masters of part of England that became known as the Danelaw. Sweyn I conquered all of England in 1013 and 1014. Sweyn’s son, Canute II, who ruled England and Denmark, completed the Christianization of Denmark. King Harold...