Where & How Does This Faith Perspective Originate?
Confucianism originated in 500 B.C.E. in China, when the social turmoil of the
disintegration of the feudal system was occurring. The religion, often considered more of a
philosophy than a religion, is similar to Daoism. However, a difference is Confucianism
seeks to embrace and create a system of government. Confucius discovered the injustices
of society, which led him to create Confucianism, with the underlying principle that
humans are nature good, and because people are cruel and inhumane to each other,
Confucius sought humanity for the world.
Founder & Followers:
Confucianism was founded by one individual, Master Kong (Kongfuzi), otherwise known as Confucius. Confucius was born 551 B.C.E., in China, son of a solider and was raised by his mother, and they lived in deplorable poverty. Although, Confucius grew up very poor, he was raised to love art, literature, and music, and in his teens he pursued a career as an accountant. This jobs instantly enabled him to see the injustices of society, especially when heavy taxation was placed on peasants to support the leisure life style the nobility lived. Confucius had two ideals: he wanted to produce excellent individuals who could be social leaders, and wanted to create a harmonious society. Confucius's followers, which there is a total of 77 disciples that accompanied him for thirteen years, during which Confucius traveled from sate to state, and occurring throughout was many of these years, his enemies tried to kill him. Confucius taught his followers the importance of always welcoming the correction one's faults. Today his teachings continue through literature and oral speech, seemingly the religion has rarely changed over the many years, it consists of its simple, nature oriented aura.
Major Writings (Scriptures):
Confucianism has Confucian literature which is ultimately authoritative, created between 1100-256 B.C.E., including the Five Classics and the Four Books. These literatures were written by Confucius and his disciples. The Five Classics: The Book of History, The Book of Poetry, The Book of Changes, The Book of Rites, and The Spring and Autumn Annals. The Five Classics covered the time period of Zhou, and explained the actions individuals should achieve. The Four Books: The Analects, The Great Learning, The Doctrine of the Mean, and The Mencius. The Four Books which includes pre-Confucian works of poetry, history, and divination, which is the sayings of Confucius and his disciples. The Confucian books were part of the educational system, however, the country feared it was pervading Chinese culture.
Tenets of the Faith
Confucianists believe in the great ultimate impersonal force, in which Confucius is honored by all as a moral ancestor, otherwise known as an educator. Li Ji is the principle of harmony that is recommended...