Compare And Contrasts Huck Finn And Tom Sawyer And Analysis Of Why Tom Was Used Only At Beginning And End Of Book. Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain

974 words - 4 pages

Compare and contrast Tom and Huck. Consider why Twain uses Tom in the beginning and the end of the novel."Tom told me what his plan was, and I see in a minute it was worth fifteen of mine for style, and would make Jim just as free a man as mine would, and maybe get us all killed besides. So I was satisfied, and said we would waltz in on it" (232).Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn details the journey of Huckleberry Finn and a run away slave Jim. Huckleberry Finn's blind trust in his friend Tom Sawyer's plans have led Huck to some strange situations. As seen in the Sunday school "Arab" fiasco, where Tom, Huck and their gang attacked a Sunday school picnic, Huck accepts Tom's imagination as fact and disregards his own logic. Tom's reliance on the rules is more for style than to do what is moral. In sharp contrast to Tom's rule-following attitude, Huck relies on his own intuition to make decisions. This clash between romanticism and realism is prevalent throughout the book. Tom Sawyer and his grandiose plans represent Romanticism, characterized by a belief in the ideal, whereas Huck represents realism or the viewing of everything as it actually is, without idealization. Twain also uses the characters of Huck and Tom to represent a conflict between Romanticism and Realism, as well as a conflict between Society and Freedom. In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain contrasts the characters of Tom and Huck to contrast Romanticism and Realism, as well as Society vs. Freedom in both the beginning and end of the novel to highlight the maturation of Huck.Tom Sawyer was born and raised middle class. As such, Tom has access to a stable family life as well as education and books. The books provide Tom's sense of adventure. Always searching for an adventure, Tom uses elements of his books to influence his adventures. Tom's reliance upon the rules laid down in books is evident in his discussion of ransom:"Why blame it all, we've got to do it. Don't I tell you it's in the books? Do you want to go to doing things different than what's in the books, and get things all muddled up?" (12)The preceding passage portrays Tom's strict adherence to the rules of Romanticism depicted in his adventure books. His devotion to the rules is characteristic of his representation of society, where the rules and laws are of the utmost importance. Tom's characteristic sense of adventure remains unchanged throughout the course of the book where he is used as a counter-point to Huckleberry Finn. In the final three chapters, Tom re-enters the storyline. After following Huck for over thirty chapters, Tom's youthful exuberance changes the pace of the story. However, in Tom's search for adventure, Tom allows Jim to stay in captivity despite knowledge that Jim was freed by Ms. Watson. Tom's...

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