The persuasion towards independence represented through the pamphlet Common Sense, is largely effective. The work portrays the unjust treatment received by the colonies from the mother country, England. Thomas Paine begins with the creation of government, as lived by the colonist, and progresses to the wrongful acts administered by Parliament and the King of England. Finally, Thomas Paine gives confidence to the unity of the colonies, and details a forceful removal of English authority.
The argument is set up extensively in the commencement of the pamphlet. Thomas Paine explains how the colonies began governing themselves. The natural governing solution for the people of the new world was a representative government. It was explained that an appointed King did not necessarily have the peoples values in mind. This groundwork laid the path for the argument to take place. It is portrayed that the people of the colonies existed in harmony, and dealt with their own problems in ways that suited the majority. Paine explains how disruptive it is for a single man, a King, to rule and govern a colony hundreds of miles away. This is obvious and logical. "To be always running three or four thousand miles with a tale or a petition, waiting four or five months for an answer, which when obtained requires five or six more to explain it
To worsen the situation of the King, heredity succession exists in a monarchy. "To the evil of monarchy we have added that of hereditary succession; and as the first is a degredation and lessening of ourselves, so the second, claimed as a matter of right, is an insult and an imposition on posterity." (76) This statement explains how the first King, or chosen King might better society, but there is no guarantee that his oldest son or brother has any integrity. The King succession rule distances the colonies each time it is implemented, because the colonies are that much more forgotten. The King, as well as England, begins to forget the colonies are inhabited by English men. The colonists are consistently being stuck with wrongful governing and no election power. "In America THE LAW IS KING", but under England the colonies must respect the "King as
law" (98). Unfortunately, the similarities between the two are observed by Thomas Paine as few and far between.
Common Sense ventures towards the argument about the peace at mind and military protection provided by the mother country. England gives excuses for the taxes and rulings because of the safety factor they preserve for the colonies. Paine handles this argument by describing the time it would take to produce English...