Colonial Resistance Creates Unity Essay

860 words - 4 pages

Colonial America began in the early 1600’s when the European nations directed their focus toward the “New World,” a place of opportunity. According to Eric Foner’s Give Me Liberty, England’s motives for colonization were built upon national glory, profit, and religious mission (41). The purpose of the colonies in the New World was to import manufactured goods, produce marketable resources, and serve the interest of the mother country, England (Foner 74). Because economic circumstances in England were not great, England had a large proportion of men, women, and children willing to migrate to the New World and settle into the colonies. Nevertheless, after the British colonies were established, ...view middle of the document...

With all these characteristics, Pennsylvania became known as “the best poor man’s country” (Foner 96). Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, and Georgia made up the Chesapeake, or Southern, colonies. During the early history at Jamestown, disease and a lack of food killed many of their first settlers. The Chesapeake colonies were powered by slave plantations, which grew major crops such as tobacco. Economically, tobacco and rice were the colonies primary basis of wealth. Unlike the New England and Middle colonies, the Chesapeake area was religiously diverse. This was a result of the Act Concerning Religion that Maryland approved in 1649. The Act stated that all Christians were guaranteed the “free exercise” of religion (Foner 70).
Following the late 1600’s, the English and the French were recognized as the two leading nations throughout North America. These two forces had also become engaged in a never-ending feud for control and ownership of North America, particularly the Ohio River Valley. In 1754, this ongoing battle for power started the French and Indian War. After defeating the French, the Peace of Paris in 1763 granted Great Britain all of North America east of the Mississippi (Foner 132). Unfortunately for the British, the costs of the French and Indian War created a substantial debt within the colonies, and this debt generated tensions between the colonies and England.
In efforts to salvage the economy, the British government decided to keep an army in North America to maintain order, as well as impose taxes on the colonists. With the troops around, the colonists felt unappreciated and were forbidden from settling west of the Proclamation Line of 1763, a line that...

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