Classism And Political Upheaval In Isabel Allende's The House Of The Spirits

657 words - 3 pages

The House of the Spirits written by Isabel Allende is an extraordinary novel that weaves together, history, politics, and current events to create a unique piece of literature. Throughout the novel on several occasions it is clear that there is inequality between the aristocrats and the peasants and this leads to struggle between the classes. The issue of class struggle takes the form of growing conflict by causing a division between the Conservatives and Socialists. At the head of the Conservatives is Esteban Trueba, a violent and materialistic figure. He believes people need to work their way up to the top and there is no reason that peasants share the upper classes wealth. On the other hand, Pedro Tercero Garcia represents the Socialistic view and he is willing to make the change through revolutionary principles. As the novel progresses class differences begin to build up and result in a political struggle between the Conservatives and Socialists thereby impacting the society in a negative way and causing it to rip to shreds.
From the start of the novel there is an estranged relationship between Esteban Garcia’s family and the Del Valle and Trueba families. There is a rift between the two classes because one is the landowning upper class which holds all the power and has control of the infrastructure while the lower class tends to the land to survive. Clara is known to be a kind and devoted woman who is willing to help those less fortunate by bringing them justice. Esteban, an ill tempered man often claims that “is it just for everyone to have the same amount” people must put in hard work to gain success. At one point in his life Esteban is determined to be authoritative in the political world, therefore, he becomes senator. It is clear that Esteban Trueba severely hates Marxism in all its forms and his adversaries and friends believe he is the...

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