China's One Child Policy Essay

1822 words - 7 pages

“A sister is a gift to the heart, a friend to the spirit, a golden thread to the meaning of life” (Quote Garden). This quote by Isadora James shows the importance of having siblings and large families, a lifestyle China doesn’t have. The one-child policy has created many problems for China after it was created by the Communist party to control population growth; however, China is taking steps towards relaxing it, and many more people are speaking out.
The one-child policy has caused many more issues than it has solved. The restrictions people must follow are causing a lot of the problems. One of the issues is that China will not relax the policy (Olesen 1). By limiting urban families to one child in a family, China is trying to conserve their natural resources and control the population (Olesen 1). The policy has prevented over 400 million births (MacLeod 1). Before conceiving, parents must obtain a birth permit from the government. Under the permit, married couples are allowed to have one child. If they want to have another one, they must apply for permission and must meet certain regulations and conditions (Dewey 4). In China, families who have more than one child are frowned upon. They pay higher tuition, higher daycare fees, higher tax penalties and are faced with discrimination (Dewey 5). Banners hung all around China’s countryside read, “Give birth to fewer babies, plant more trees” and “If you give birth to extra children, your family will be ruined” (Demick 2). Parents who give birth to more children could also be charged a compensation fee for every kid. On the other hand, families who follow the one-child policy are given preferential treatment for jobs, housing and maternity leaves (Dewey 5). There are many regulations in the policy people must follow.
Another issue created by the one-child policy is single children can be deprived of important social skills. Parents of only-children do not always realize their child needs social education (Hua 3). Only-children also have a tendency to be spoiled and see themselves superior to everyone else (Hua 1). Professor Chen, the founder of the Young Child’s Socialization Project states, “IQ’s of single children are not much different from those of other children, but their ability to cooperate, share, help, and exercise self-control is lacking.” Professor Chen is stating only-children have a harder time interacting because they don’t have the “practice” at home (Hua 3). When these children grow up, they are going to have a harder time fitting in with society. Their social skills could potentially be lacking compared to those of a person who grew up with siblings. Social skills are very important in today’s society, and children lacking siblings could have a very hard time fitting in.
Many babies have been taken by family planning officials. The officials told families the law allowed them to confiscate their babies (Demick 4). Many families were even forced into giving up their...

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