Chimpanzee's And Tool Use Essay

1568 words - 7 pages

Introduction:
Chimpanzees are part of the non-human primate group. Though we share a common ancestor, evolution has pushed us in different directions. However this common ancestor causes humans to be curious about these creatures. As discussed in Jane Goodall’s video Among the Wild Chimpanzees we were once considered to be human because of our use of tools but once we observed these non-human primates using tools, this perception was changed forever. The question now at hand is if having the chimpanzees that we study in captivity makes a difference between studying wild chimps. These interesting creatures can be found naturally in the rainforests of Africa.
Development of tool use:
“Tool use is rare in animals, and the chimpanzees stand out as the most proficient tool users besides humans” (Boesh, Boesch-Achermann18). Some debate has taken place between researchers regarding how these chimpanzees learn to use these tools and whether or not there is a difference between wild chimps and captive chimp’s tool use. Some theories say that chimps do not actively teach or are taught, but rather learn by observation, trial, and error; as stated in the article Thinking Like a Chimpanzee by Jon Cohen. This article also suggests that some reaserchers do believe that chimps do poses the capability to be taught and understand what they are learning.
Tool manufacturing:
Chimps use tools in numerous ways to retrieve food. These include stone tools for the cracking of nuts and thin twigs for termite fishing as discussed in both the articles Mommy Training by Nick Atkins and Tool Use in Wild Chimpanzees: New Light From Dark Forests by Hedwige Boesch-Achermann and Christophe Boesch. Both of these articles discusss the use of tool use among chimpanzees.
“In 1960 Jane Goodall watched a chimpanzee strip the leaves off a twig and then insert it into a termite mound to "fish" for termites. Her observation was the first time anyone documented seeing a nonhuman animal manufacture a tool in the wild. Termite fishing remains a favorite pastime among chimpanzees, because termites are a preferred source of protein for these apes. In Gombe National Park, Tanzania, all chimpanzees learn to fish for termites by age five and a half” (Atkins25). This excerpt from the article Mommy Training talks about how one of the most influential chimpanzee researcher’s observes chimpanzee tool use for the first time. What makes this twig specifically a tool is the fact that the chimp manipulated its original form for a certain purpose. Since chimps are able to do this the line between human and non-human primates has been blurred.
The second instance of tool use is the use of stone tools to crack open nuts. “To crack nuts, chimps set up a stone anvil, place a nut on it and then smash it with a second stone used as a hammer” (Cohen). According to the article Tool Use in Wild Chimpanzees: New Light From Dark Forest by Hedwige Boesch-Achermann and Christophe Boesch chimpanzees in the wild...

Find Another Essay On Chimpanzee's and Tool Use

Socio-biological views of Human Aggression Essay

1566 words - 6 pages boxers in a boxing ring, each male's ultimate goal is to see his opponent lose, but not die (like the chimpanzee's over their territory.)(Montagu p.148) Occasionally, though, chimpanzees and humans deliberately search for victims - to kill or mutilate - despite his/her cry for mercy. (Wrangham & Peterson p.131)Chimpanzees and humans also commit other evil doings - political murders, beatings and rape. (Baron & Richardson p.133) Its

The Status of Language in the Development of a Theory of Mind

4995 words - 20 pages desires, three year olds use propositional attitude locutions, and four year olds are generally able to pass false belief tests. It is unclear whether or not there is a characteristic pattern of breakdown; sufferers of autism are unable to attribute false beliefs, but they appear to completely lack the faculty, and so do not provide us with any evidence of breakdowns within it. It is also not yet known whether the theory of

Tool-use in Chimpanzees

2047 words - 9 pages or event. Tool-use is regularly reported in chimpanzees. They use many different tools to carry out many different tasks. They use sticks to fish for insects, stones and wood to crack open nuts, leaves to soak up liquid, and branches used as weapons to dominate opponents and frighten off predators. In making tools, they may use a variety of different materials to make the same kind of tool. For example, they use sticks, twigs, bark, and vines to

Three Effective Tools for a PR Professional

1017 words - 5 pages the cost being as low as $39 a month, MegaMeeting is well worth the cost. MegaMeeting does not offer mobile applications but I can see them offering this in the future. In comparing the tool to others such as Skype, Fuze Box and AnyMeeting, which offer free options, it is worth the money to use MegaMeeting. These other tools do not have the features that MegaMeeting offers. Scribblar costs a maximum of $39 a month and at this allows up to

I Want to Be a Tool and Die Maker

1441 words - 6 pages having to start over. Before even starting the machine, a machinist must be able to use tools to setup how the drill goes down. After each step is completed, the machinist must inspect the work for quality of work/defects. Also the machinist must be able to create his or her own designs/instructions using a computer program. He/she may have to setup controls on a heater to have the part(s) harden (Robinson). Salary/Benefits A tool and die maker

James Watt's Micrometer

627 words - 3 pages , this may not have been a deciding factor for choice of materials during the industrial revolution. None the less both alloys can be heated to the point they can be returned to a molten state and reformed into raw construction billets ready for future use. Product limitations and life expectancy Our chosen artefact may have some limitation such as the tool is not multipurpose for example it can only be used to measure objects; it can only measure

The History of Construction

1217 words - 5 pages is ("Basic Construction Tool List" ). These tools are necessary to construction because they make sure everything is exact, and precise so that no materials are wasted. These tools require a proper understanding of how to use and apply these tools to their proper application. For using hand tools that have a blade, knife, or other sharp edges, should always be directed away from aisle ways and other employees for safety from cuts and scrapes

The Drowned Cities

1657 words - 7 pages give their life to save the other, they went from owner and captive to allies surprisingly quickly. This quote is also an example of how Paolo lets us get inside the characters’ heads and see what they think and how they are reacting to a situation. If Ocho was thinking something more along the lines of how he could take Tool down again or how he could use Tool’s abilities to his advantage, we would be the first to know. Not only the quote, but

Effect of Dry Machining on Cutting Force

2182 words - 9 pages control. Diniz and Oliveira (2004) optimized the use of dry cutting in rough turning steel operations. Several experiments were carried out varying parameters such as cutting speed, feed, depth of cut and tool material in rough turning of ABNT 1045 steel in dry and wet cutting. The material used had an average hardness of 97 HRB. The work-piece diameter varied from 60 to 100mm for the experimental work. The cutting fluid used was

The PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire) to Detect and Measure Depression

1170 words - 5 pages comparison with the original PRIME-MD, with sensitivity 75% and specificity 90%, confirming that the tool measures what is intended. The tool is implemented by having the patient answer a simple questionnaire. Overall Spitzer et al. concluded that the PHQ-9 validity was comparable to the PRIME-MD and that it was a more efficient tool to use in the busy primary care setting. Spitzer et al. (2001) also conducted a study to determine the validity of

Understanding Chimpanzee Culture

866 words - 4 pages to use tools to create a better quality of life. The complexity of their intellect is different from any other animal ever seen. A significant part of chimpanzee intelligence that sets them apart from other primates and puts them closer to humans is the way they exhibit social learning within their culture and interactions within their environment. When it comes to interacting with the environment tool use by chimpanzees is very vital to

Similar Essays

'explain How Various Key Characteristics Of Primates Facilitate Tool Using Behaviour.'

1030 words - 4 pages actions ahead of carrying them out(use of the sticks as tools)More specific,only common chimpanzees and humans, among the great apes, regularly invest much time in play with detached objects.The accidental explanation of the paradox that gorillas regularly show skills in tool-use and even tool-making captivity may be that young gorillas also play with objects, but yet tools seem to have no part in their natural lives.(Mc Grew 1989).So because the

Jane Goodall Ande Her Research Into Chimpanzee Behaviour

1903 words - 8 pages discovered a number of previously unobserved behaviors. She noted that chimps have a complex social system, complete with ritualized behaviors and primitive but discernible communication methods, including a primitive "language" system containing more than 20 individual sounds. She is credited with making the first recorded observations of chimpanzees eating meat and using and making tools. Tool making was previously thought to be an exclusively

The Humanities Of Science Essay

939 words - 4 pages to expand our knowledge and use that newly acquired knowledge to continue improving our quality of life. Eugenics is the study of manipulating the genetic code of plants and/or people to improve inherited genes. In fact, the word "eugenics" comes from the Greek word meaning good offspring and was given by Darwin's cousin, Sir Francis Galton. There are both positive and negative eugenics, one to "improve the characteristics of an organism or

Use Of Animals In Biomedical Research

2235 words - 9 pages The issue of human morality has always been widely controversial and vitally important; it is our anchor that we use to define the humane yet we cannot agree on its dimensions. Morality seems to be all that separates us from the unfeeling universe, which is filled with morally horific natural laws such as "survival of the fittest." Or, at least, such "callous" impartiality seems unjust to our modern societies. Behind the screens of prosperity