Changes Brought About By The Industrial Revolution

838 words - 3 pages

The Industrial Revolution began over 200 years ago. It changes the way products including cloth and textiles were manufactured. It greatly affected the way people lived and worked, this revolution helped bring about the modern world we know today. The Industrial Revolution was a major change in the nature of production in which machines replaced tools and steam and other energy sources replaced human and animal power. The Industrial Revolution began in England in the middle of the 1700’s, during this time workers became more productive, items were manufactured thus, making hard to make items available to the working and lower class. One could argue that this allowed for an increased standard of living, life generally improved however, the Industrial Revolution was also harmful, capitalists employed women and children to work long hours for low wages.

The changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution affected not only technology as with the inventions of the steam engine, assembly line and printing press but also society in general as demonstrated though urbanization, pollution and women and children joining the labor force.

The Industrial Revolution began for many reasons in England. During the 1700’s the British economy was mainly agricultural, and with the invention of the steam engine the life of farmers became much more effortless as most labor could now be done using tractors rather than a horse drawn plow. Originally designed by Thomas Newcomen the steam engine works “with a high pressure valve that acts alternately on a piston, which allows for steam to be used as a force of useable energy.” In essence, this simple design changed the face of many industries forever, for example the steam engine allowed for increase of trade and mobility. With the locomotive steam engine people could travel from one town to the next making once inaccessible area easily accessible. Another example would be the conversion of steel making it much more durable and became useful for not only creating the tracks for the trains but also for construction of buildings.
“One factor contributing to the development of industry in Great Britain was that nation's large supply of coal and iron ore. For many centuries, the British had converted their iron ores to iron and steel by heating the raw material with charcoal, made from trees. By the mid-eighteenth century, however, the nation's timber supply had largely been decimated. Iron and steel manufacturers were forced to look...

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