Casimir III, also known as Casimir the Great, was one of Poland’s most productive kings.
His greatest accomplishments throughout his reign were the progress and the reforms within domestic Poland.
When first elected as Poland’s king, there was turmoil going on within Poland’s political aspects. They were on the brink of a war; however, Casimir knew that if Poland were to enter into a war, that they would be defeated instantaneously. Instead, with the countries that wished to wage war, Casimir helped create a peace treaty that divided up land to the opposing sides, in an effort to avoid a possible war. By saving Poland from a possibly devastating war, he was known then on as a great king, one who would truly better Poland. By doing this, Casimir showed he was to rule for Poland and for the people of Poland, to make their lives easier. This was the beginning of Casimir’s great reign.
Under his leadership, Casimir had marshes drained and forests cleared in order to promote better agriculture for his country. The people whom he ruled were grateful for his sincere interest with Poland’s economic standpoint, and that he wanted to see all of his people happy. He had roads, bridges and trading posts built while he was king to further Poland’s economy. He felt that in order for Poland to become a strong country, he had to start from the basic level and work his way up, improving things as needed. By starting with the basics, he was able to create a foundation on which to stand Poland, in case anything was to happen. He made sure that at the very least, Poland would be able to survive on its own.
What was also needed was defense against a possible attack. Casimir then proceeded to build around forty castles, where, in case of emergency, his subjects could stay and would be protected by the Polish army, which would be divided among the many castles. In building these forts, Casimir displayed to his subjects that he would do everything in his power to help get Poland into a powerful state. It showed that he really cared about his rule and what was accomplished during it; most kings would not prioritize the well being of their people versus their continuous rule. From this, it is quite evident that Casimir would do anything for the people whom he had rule over.
Among the lower class, he was referred to as “king of the peasants”. When famine plagued Poland, he shared his food and shelter with all of his subjects, not letting them starve. During the persecution of Jews, Casimir allowed them to take refuge among Poland and be safe from the German Nazi troops. He extended his fellowship, and that of the country’s, to others who were not native but in need of assistance. From his genuine concern of the people, he was not only respected as the King of Poland, but he was respected as a unique and sincere individual. Many were grateful for what he had done,...