Kruger, Michael. Canon Revisited: Establishing the Origins and Authority of the New
Testament Books, Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2012.
Michael Kruger holds a PhD from the University of Edinburgh. He has written a number of books dealing with early Christianity. In addition to being an accomplished author Dr. Kruger holds the title of Professor at the Reformed Theological Seminary. This is a traditional brick and mortar school with the added convenience of online courses.
The book entitled Canon Revisited: Establishing the Origins and Authority of the New Testament Books written by Michael J. Kruger explains the canonical model by which the books of the New Testament were selected as the right word of God. The correctness of the canon has always troubled Christians; they have always wanted to know that the twenty-seven books of the New Testament are the rights ones. In his book, Kruger answers many typical questions asked by people in relation to the New Testament, its structure, and its authenticity as God’s word. For example, he shows what all of the selected books have in common and why any of the existing apocryphal books are not in the Bible. The book Canon Revisited is for Christians who want to know what the canon consists of, what defines the canon, how its model is applicable to the New Testament books and in what way believers can be sure that the New Testament books are inspired by God Himself and are not the product of the human mind.
In the first part of his book, Michael J. Kruger offers the grounds on which the canon was established. He explains the historical determinants of the canon, giving various explanations of the factors, which influenced people’s understanding of what had to be accepted as canonical and what needed to be excluded from the canonical model. Kruger particularly mentions the fact that the Roman Catholic Church has its own understanding of the authority of the canon and hold that the Bible is not the only authority to the Roman Catholic Church, since its main authority is “the pope and his bishops.” He explains that traditions are also extremely important to the Catholics and that they are an indispensable part of their canonical model, which is constructed of the Bible, traditions and the authority of the pope – so called trifold authority. Consequently, in the Roman Catholicism, the church governed by the pope defines, or better yet - recognizes, what is canonical and what is not canonical. In contrast, since the Protestants believe that the Scriptures were inspired by God, they view them as the only authority. In his explanation of what canon is Kruger mentions different literary sources, in which the association of the Catholic Church with the canon is specified, and proves his readers that in every source the Catholic Church remains the authority in defining the canon, thus making the canon its “derivative.” The author mentions the Council...