Canadian International Trade Essay

1700 words - 7 pages

Canadian International Trade

Canada is great economic superpower that has yet to reach its potential. As the second largest nation by area, we possess vast natural resources. We are a massive importer and exporter on the world stage, who a play a vital role in the stability of the northern hemisphere. Through Canada’s international trade, we export vast quantities of many different foods stuffs, minerals and manufactured goods like cars, while we tend to import lots of Iron, Aluminum and Steel. Our relations with neighbouring nations have been integral in the success of our trade. In 1994 Canada became a member of the North American Free Trade Agreement or NAFTA with the US and Mexico. NAFTA reorganized Canada’s and America’s trading systems to work as one. The trade issue of recent months is about the rising costs of energy in Canada and in the United States. Newly elected President George W. Bush now is proposing a North American energy initiative for a continental power grid. This proposal puts Canada in a very uncomfortable situation. On the one hand we would love to share our resources and appease our super-power to the south. But on the other we prefer to leave our pristine land alone. The growing trend nowadays is that politicians are the ones wanting to please the Americans by giving away our resources, while it is the activist who is concerned about the vast environmental damage this energy legislation could entail.
The composition and structure of Canada’s trade is an ever changing entity. We are one of the chief lumber exporters in the world. We posses vast oil fields in Alberta, where there are about three-hundred billion barrels of oil as opposed to only two-hundred and sixty in Saudi Arabia. Grains are exported by the ton in Saskatchewan and Manitoba, while hundreds of thousands of automobiles are produced in southern-Ontario and Quebec. Recent patterns in Canadian trade are increasing free trade within the continental hemisphere. With 1994's NAFTA, and this years Summit of the America’s and now George W. Bush’s energy initiates, Canada’s economic brawn is well required.
The growing trend is Canada’s increasing inter-dependance on the economy of the US and the expansion of free trade agreements. NAFTA has brought our economies so close together that when there is a recession or a boom in the US, Canada feels the brunt of it. Also Canada’s long-term economic wealth is more closely tied to the US than before NAFTA. Canada is in a quandary. On the one hand we want to help the Americans with their energy crisis. On the other we don’t want to enter into another trade agreement where Canadian interests will be swept under the rug. In April Canada hosted the Summit of Americas in Quebec City. The leaders of 34 heads of government came to Quebec to extend free trade throughout the America’s. In spite of the protests the politicians tried to hammer out a treaty that would eliminate Tarriffs and trade barriers within the...

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