Biological Psychology Essay

1374 words - 5 pages

Bio-Psychologists study the principles of biology as it relates to the comprehension of psychology in the field neuroscience that underlies ones emotions, ideology, and actions (Brittanica). Based upon the conduction of research, the relationship between the brain and ones behavior extends to the physiological process in one’s intellect. Scientists are cognizant that neurotransmitters function as a significant role in mood regulation and other aspects of psychological problems including depression and anxiety. A biological perspective are relevant to psychology in three techniques including: the comparative method, physiology, and the investigation of inheritance (Saul Mc. Leod).
The comparative method is a species that can be studied and compared to the search of understanding human behavior. The physiological outlook elucidate the performance of how the nervous system and hormones reacts to the body, what precedent of the transformations in the structure can affect one’s behavior, and how the brain operates. For example, when a cardiologist operate on someone’s heart. He has the expectation of extending that individual's life (Thomas Spray). Another comparative method utilized is the investigation of inheritance. This technique engages a species inheriting genes from its parents. For instance, when the offspring with dark skin complexion begat blue eyes this trait is hereditary. Each of these biological aspects consisting of the comparative, physiological and the genetic systems explicates human behavior. This dissertation will focus on the brain, the nervous system, and the ways in which these physiological mechanisms interrelate.
The neuron plays an important role in the occupation of the brain (Rollin Koscis). A neuron is a nerve cell that receives, processes and transmits data to other cells in the body. The information that you obtain develops the neuron through the Dendrites from a series of other neurons (James Kalat). From then it proceeds to the cell body also known as the soma, the central component of the neuron. The soma contains the nucleus and sustains the activity of the neuron (Dr.Christopher Heffner). The soma also processes data that mobilizes to neurons along the axon. At the end of the axons are terminal buttons that passes information to glands, muscles, or other neurons. The data is subsequently transported by biochemical substances apperceived as neurotransmitters. The terminal buttons and the dendrites are emitted through synapse. Erstwhile the neurotransmitter assents the axon and channels through the synapse capturing the dendrites by receptor sites.
Receptor sites are molecular sites on or within a cell that recognize and binds with specific molecules (Mosby). An archetype of this is CD4, it works as a chemical element on the exterior of certain cells that connects with HIV and employs it to penetrate haematids. There are numerous neurotransmitters that participates in our psyche including acetylcholine,...

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