Bergen Belsen Essay

1225 words - 5 pages

The Bergen-Belsen camp was used to house construction workers, prisoners of war, exchange prisoners. But, approximately 7000 of the prisoners interned there died. Although this camp did not have gas chambers, more than 35,000 people died of starvation, overwork, disease, brutality and sadistic medical experiments. Bergen-Belsen camp was a full of starvation, disease and cruel camp and many people died in there. Anne Frank died in March 1945 at Bergen-Belsen camp, her wartime diary created a great sensation all over the world.
Orginally Bergen-Belsen camp was not a concentration camp. Bergen-Belsen camp was near Hanover in northwest Germany, located between the villages of ...view middle of the document...

For this purpose, the SS had requisitioned, from the German army, parts of the prisoner of war camp Bergen-Belsen including the accommodation huts. The "detention camp Bergen-Belsen" came into existence. By the autumn of 1944, about 6,000 Jews who were selected for exchange, had been brought here (Kolb).

The original plan of Bergen-Belsen exchange camp was to detain as much as 30,000 Jews for exchange with the Allies for German citizens being held in Internment, but as it turned out, there were only 358 of the Jews at Bergen-Belsen who obtained their freedom through a genuine exchange for other prisoners. Himmler planned to build up a temporary shelter that could hold 10000 exchanges of prisoners, but they protracted the negotiations several months. During this period, the anti-Semitic fanatics of exiling prisoners from Western Europe and Hungary like SS captain, Eichmann, exchanged prisoners as many as possible to Auschwitz. By summer, Himmler was not interested in foreign Germans. He had a new key: for the condition of exchanging Hungarian Jews, he asked for 10,000 load trucks from eastern Allies, they can only be used on the eastern front. The condition of exchanging was 15 tons of coffee, two carriages sheepskin, and several boxes of jewelry and cash.
The Bergen-Belsen camp became a camp for many different types of people. The Bergen-Belsen camp complex held Jews, POWs, political prisoners, Roma (Gypsies), criminals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and homosexuals. The Bergen-Belsen camp was divided into eight parts: a detention camp,"star" camp, a special camp, two women's camps, neutrals camp, Hungarian camp and a tent camp. The people lived in the special camp were Polish Jews with citizenship, and they were from foreign countries. Approximately 4,000 Jewish prisoners, primarily Dutch, lived in the "Star" camp, so named because the prisoners wore the Star of David on their clothing instead of camp uniforms. The Hungarian camp housed more than 1,600 Hungarian Jews. The tent camp housed the overflow of sick, debilitated female prisoners from the hospital camp. Bergen-Belsen's most famous prisoners-Anne Frank and her sister Margo-lived in the tent camp.
Due to starvation and disease, many people died at Bergen-Belsen. At the end of 1944, there were about 7300 prisoners in the camp. But at the beginning of 1945, the population of camp increased to 60,000 people. By the end of 1944, the camp was running out of food. At the beginning of 1945, the prisoners sometimes did not have food to eat and fresh water to drink for several days. Sanitation was...

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