Augustus And Emperor Worship Essay

821 words - 3 pages

ROMAN RELIGIONAUGUSTUS AND EMPEROR WORSHIPAugustus carried out various measures to revive traditional religion, but was careful to avoid the semblance of a dictator or tyrant. The very title 'Augustus' had religious connotations, meaning 'a person in whom numen was increased.' The concept of the ruler as a god, however, was new to Rome. Although statues of leaders were made during the republic, they were not regarded as gods. Julius Caesar set the precedent for emperor worship in Rome, and probably started a cult of himself. A statue was set up in a temple with the inscription: 'To the unconquered god.' It was decreed by senate that he have a house like a temple and a priest. He was also deified after his assassination: 'He died at the age of 55 and was declared a god" (Suetonius).Augustus had to be careful to avoid the errors of Julius Caesar and the resentment that he had engendered be claiming to be divine during his own lifetime. He called himself a 'son of a god'--- 'divi filius', but did not accept deification in his lifetime.) He did, however, capitalize on Julius Caesar's claim of descent from the gods). After Augustus, however, other emperors accepted or sought worship in their own lifetimes e.g. Nero and DomitianProcess by which a Roman Emperor became a god:Claim to divine descentStatues eg those of Augustus were adjacent to statues of godsImages of the genius of Augustus were placed next to those of the Lares( household spirits) at crossroads. The genius received honoursBeing honoured by poets---- Horace and Virgil praised Rome and linked Augustus to the gods: 'son of the Deified.' (Aeneid). They also reinforced the idea that he would be made a god on his deathA libation was offered to the genius of Augustus at every meal in Roman householdsAugustus was referred to as the father of the nation --- 'pater patriae.' "Pater' was also used to address godsThe Ara Pacis, the Altar of Peace, was consecrated by Augustus. It shows members of Augustus' family as well as Tellus Mater, the mother earth goddess, and Aeneas, father of the Roman raceAugustus's name was praised in hymns along with the godsThe Consuls offered prayers to his health every 5 yearsTemples were built to honour Augustus or his achievementsThe Temple of Apollo was linked to his home on the PalatineAugustus (and the emperors after him) was Pontifex Maximus, head of the college of Pontiffs. This...

Find Another Essay On AUGUSTUS AND EMPEROR WORSHIP

Augustus Essay

1470 words - 6 pages Augustus and His Success in Creating a Strong and Religious State Throughout his life, Augustus, the first emperor of Rome and self-proclaimed “restorer of the Republic”, sought to improve society. After a disastrous century of disorder, internal turmoil and a political system that was ultimately unsatisfactory for the empire, Augustus attempted to formulate a new Roman government and way of life. He believed that the degradation of

Augustus Caesar Essay

2310 words - 9 pages , Companion 105).When Augustus became emperor, he tried to drastically reduce the size of the Senate on several occasions. Unlike Julius Caesar, he did not think just anyone should be allowed to be a Senator. He thought all those who were unworthy to be a Senator were to be kicked out of office. After many futile attempts, he abandoned the quest to eliminate those he felt were unworthy to be a Senator. Also, Augustus had to be careful and not

Augustus Caesar

1076 words - 4 pages naming of the eighth month after him. The only thing that saved the destruction of the Roman Empire was the emergence of a brilliant political leader, Octavian Augustus Caesar, first emperor of the Roman Empire. Bibliography: Walworth, Nancy Zinsser. Augustus Caesar. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1989. Scarre, Chris. Chronicle of the Roman Emperors. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1995. Eark, Donald. The Age of Augustus. New York: Crown Publishers Inc., 1968 Warry, John. Warfare in the Classical World. New York: St. Martin’s Press Inc., 1980 Fagan, Garret G. “AUGUSTUS (31 B.C. - 14 A.D.).” N.d. (11 December 2001)

This Is A Biography On Augustus Caesar. Tells About His Life And Accomplishments As A Ruler Of Rome

2470 words - 10 pages worshipped as a god by some of the citizens and he did not want this. He made it mandatory that if he was going to be worshipped as a deity, that the citizens worship the city of Rome, not just him. Augustus main goal was that Rome be prosperous and very appealing to all people (Delta).Augustus died peacefully at Nola on the 19th of August in 14 A.D. (Hornblower, Companion 107). Augustus Caesar was a very powerful man who only used his power for

Augustus' Role In The Consolidation Of The Roman Rmpire And The Ending Of The Republic

2579 words - 11 pages quotes by Augustus himself in the Res Gestae, "I repaired eighty two temples of the gods in the city, in accordance with a resolution of the senate..."(Sevidy2: 3) An inscription on a monument in a City called Narbonne dating back to AD 11 gives a good example of the extent of the new worship laws: "The populace of Narbonne takes the following vow to the divine spirit of Augustus forever: May it be good, favorable, and timely for the Emperor

Augustus

751 words - 3 pages that Augustus was more than a man, but not quite a god. The Senate gave him other great names and titles that had been held by other officials in the Republic. They also gave him the legal power to rule Rome's religious, civil and military affairs, with the Senate as an advisory body, effectively making him Emperor. After the death of Lepidus, he gained even more power with the title of Pontifex Maximus, or “chief priest”. Later, Augustus was named

Investigating the Factors that Led to a Roman Emperor Being Worshipped as a God

3394 words - 14 pages ] and this created a politically awkward situation within Rome. While the east bestowed many divine honours on Roman emperors, the elites within the city did not condone any divine worship of a mortal. The emperor was one of the elite and although he was thought of as the first man, he was after all only a man. Augustus was the first emperor to have and maintain an official cult whilst alive. Although he accepted

Septimius Severus

1755 words - 7 pages There are many Roman emperors and there are a few that people see as experiencing success. In a recent survey by worldaffairsboard.com Augustus, Marcus Aurelius and Trajan were voted as the best. Septimius Severus who was also a great emperor was not even on the list. There are many things that go into making a good emperor such as military strength, taxes and life of the people in Rome. Septimius Severus was a great emperor because he had many

Augustus Caesar – The Greatest Ruler in the Ancient World

1697 words - 7 pages In the ancient world, some men were born into greatness while others dedicated their life to becoming great. Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar was part of the latter due to his achievements that set the foundation for an empire devastated by civil war. Despite the turmoil of the Roman Empire after the assassination of his adoptive father, Julius Caesar, he led Rome to social, political and economic prosperity and stability. His military tactics

Ovid

1287 words - 5 pages Ovidian Poetry during the Moral Renaissance of Augustan Rome Many years of chaos, social strife, and war precluded Augustus? reign as emperor of Rome. The people felt that the Gods were punishing them because they had forsaken their traditions and ancestors. So, Augustus revived many rituals and games and he also built many temples to renew the magnificence of the Gods in the peoples eyes. He especially focused on the worship of Apollo.# Being a

Augustus Ceasar of Rome

1260 words - 6 pages also engaged in remaking Rome through large and small gestures (forming a new forum, and establishing a fire and police department). Later Years and Death In the later years of the emperor, he seemed to withdraw away from the public’s eye, but still attended to public businesses. Augustus married three times throughout his life, his first being Mark Antony’s stepdaughter Clodia Pulchra. He divorced her to marry Scribonia, who was the one to bore

Similar Essays

The Character And Achievements Of Roman Emperor Augustus

842 words - 3 pages . Although the piece references many great works of Augustus, the general tone of the work and the particular way Suetonius wrote about him was a lot less praiseful than it appears to be. He explains some Augustus’ less dignified moments in his life and many of his cruel acts as emperor. Tacitus, the Annals of Imperial Rome by Tacitus portrays a very different image of Augustus. He praises Augustus on occasion however, he also mentions his less

"I Found Rome A City Of Brick And Left It A City Of Marble" (Augustus, Res Gestae) To What Extent Does Augustus' Public Building Programme Explain His Success As Emperor?

1401 words - 6 pages There are many reasons for which Augustus was successful emperor amongst which his building programme plays a vital role. Besides his building programme Augustus also used other means to become successful and the main ones are his avoidance of being seen as an arrogant leader or dictator, keeping his promises, claimed to act in the ways and will of their ancestors, he was selfless, he put on games and also his victories at war. The period

Augustus: First Emperor Of Rome Essay

925 words - 4 pages Augustus: First Emperor of Rome “I found Rome built of bricks; I leave her clothed in marble.” - Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (cliojournal.wikispaces.com) Augustus, born Gaius Octavius, also known Augustus Caesar or Octavian, or by his adopted name Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, is one the Rome’s most iconic emperors. Born on September 23 in the year 63 B.C., and the great-nephew of Julius Caesar, Augustus ascended to the throne after Caesar’s

Augustus Caesar Essay

1013 words - 4 pages Augustus Caesar Works Cited Missing Augustus Caesar, the Rome's first true Emperor was the historical figure who had the greatest impact upon the western world between the dawn of civilization and the end of the middle ages. Augustus Caesar (31B.C. - 14 A.D.) was originally named Gaius Octivian, the name Augustus was granted by the Roman Senate, which means magnificent. The success of Augustus was he developed an honest government, and