Armor Of Ancient Rome Essay

3853 words - 15 pages

Armor of Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome expended a great deal of economic resources and effort upon conquest and
expansion through military means. The role of armor was fundamental in this expansion as it
played a significant role in the success of the Roman armies on the battlefield. There were three
common requirements for armor construction throughout its history: The first was that armor
had to be flexible enough to allow the wearer freedom of movement; second, it also had to be
lightweight enough to be worn without tiring the wearer while providing protection against
opponents' weapons; and third, armor had to be cost effective. These three aspects influenced
the evolution of Roman cuirass (lorica) design throughout Rome’s history. The central concept
in the study of Roman armor is that it was always a compromise between mobility, protection,
and cost.
There were at least four cuirass types in use during the first century A.D. These were the
muscle, scale, mail, and segmented cuirasses with mail and segmented cuirasses being the most
predominant. The study of these armor types relies upon three main sources of evidence:
iconographic (e.g., sculpture, tombstones, monuments); archaeological; and literary sources.
The evolution of Roman lorica was driven by the needs and circumstances of the Roman
Army. Armies of the 1st century A.D. were firmly established within the Empire and control fell
solely under the auspices of the Emperor. Increasingly the main strength of the Roman army, up
to thirty legions, was garrisoned on the frontiers. Only a token military force, the Praetorian
Guard, remained in Rome. The military situation in this period was seldom dormant. In the 1st
century the invasion of Britain (A.D.43) necessitated the reorganization of legions and
auxiliaries over much of north west Europe. Further reorganization occurred after the civil war
of A.D.69, when the victorious Flavian dynasty dispersed disloyal units. As the Empire's
expansion slowed, permanent borders were established. Auxiliaries patrolled the borders and
legionnaires were stationed within the frontiers to act as a strategic reserve and intimidate
potentially rebellious provinces.
The army can be divided into two distinct parts: the legion and the auxiliary ( auxilia), with a
marked social division existing between the two. Only Roman citizens could become
legionnaires, while auxilia were composed of non citizens recruited from Rome's client states
and tribes. These legions were supported by the non citizen auxilia consisting of infantry cohorts
and cavalry (alae). A legion consisted of around 5,000 men which were mostly heavy foot
soldiers. However, it is only possible to attempt a rough estimate of the men who constituted a
legion. It has been estimated that the total number of Roman troops, including legions and
auxilia, numbered more than 300,000 during the first century A.D. It has also been assumed
that...

Find Another Essay On Armor of Ancient Rome

The Real Voice of Ancient Rome

1489 words - 6 pages the better and sometimes for the worst. Very little is known about the common people that took up the majority of the population in ancient societies. The sources that we derive our information about these ancient people come from the most unexpected places. Graffiti and the epitaphs reveal a lot about what the common people of Rome valued. The Roman people valued various things. Some of which were prized objects. Graffiti displays the

The Role of Marriage in Ancient Rome and Slavery in Ancient Rome

1452 words - 6 pages rights, proterty, affection, ect.Both are unbiased informationAll quotations, are as followsRW: The Roman World by David CherryWR: The World of Rome by Jones and SidwellAdelphoe: a play from the book Five Comedies; plautus and Terence(original authors in ancient rome) and translated by Deena Berg and Douglass Parker

A Comparison of Ancient Cultures: Greece and Rome

1212 words - 5 pages a country, or back then, a very large group of city-states, and Rome is a single city. There are many differences in the social structure, the treatment of women and slaDiscrepancies appeared in many elements of the social structure. They way women were treated in both societies was dissimilar. In the ancient Greek city-states "women has no political role...and were rarely ever seen outside the family compound" (Sindelar, p.35). Women in the

Rise and Fall of Athens and Ancient Rome

742 words - 3 pages History has witnessed the rise and fall of many powerful cities, starting with Ur and Babylon and continuing into present day with cities such as New York City. Two of these cities, ancient Athens and ancient Rome, stand out from other cities of their time due to their culture, politics, and influence, both on the world around them and on future civilizations. These strengths qualify them as world cities, and despite their eventual losses of

Spartacus and the Third Slave Revolt of Ancient Rome

1610 words - 6 pages Throughout history, there have been many key figures that will inspire others for decades and even centuries to come. The ancient Romans set many precedents for our modern-day entertainment with their gladiatorial games and the Coliseum, while the ancient Greeks set precedents for the ancient Romans with the Olympic games. One of the most influential figures in the time of the ancient Romans was Spartacus, a man who stood up for himself and

Main Functions of the Games in Ancient Rome

1977 words - 8 pages Main Functions of the Games in Ancient Rome The 2 main kinds of games that took place in ancient Rome were those of ludi scaenici (theatre and plays) and those of ludi circenses (sports). This evaluation of Roman games will concentrate on the sports side of Roman entertainment due to their much higher popularity i.e. chariot racing and the gladiators. Chariot racing is one of the oldest spectator sports in Rome dating

Religious and Domestic Role of Women in Ancient Rome

1248 words - 5 pages privately at home, women were able to hold certain sacerdotal and sacrificial positions in public religious activities. Another exception to the social custom was the vestal virgins. The vestals were public priestesses who tended the fire in the temple of Vesta (Scheid 381). As their name implies, part of the vestal virgins service requirements was that they remain virgins during their period of service. Women in ancient Rome experienced a great

Ancient Civilizations And How They Relate To Today. Speaks Of Ancient Egypt, Rome And Greece

4893 words - 20 pages each item that was sold.The Fertile Crescent tribes were constantly fighting. They fought frequently amongst themselves. Who knows how many more things they could have been remembered for, had there not been so much fighting between the tribes. The Code of Hammurabi was a great step toward organized government. Hammurabi was one of the great rulers of ancient times. He believed in the saying, "An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth." If your

An essay that explains how the movie GLADIATOR portrays the characteristics of ancient Rome

1276 words - 5 pages World Civilizations- Gladiator AssignmentContrasting Values of Maximus and Commodus and how they reflect characteristics of RomeGladiator was simply an outstanding movie on ancient Rome, a personal favorite. This Hollywood film took its audience to the end of the Pax Romana around the second-century Rome with the last year of Marcus Aurelius's reign in 180 A.D., the last of the five Good Emperors. This brilliant emperor finds himself aging and

This Analyzes Two Works That Describe Ancient Rome From A Philosophical Point Of View

786 words - 4 pages Pliny and Juvenal: An AnalysisBoth Pliny and Decimus Junius Juvenalis, or Juvenal for short, were extraordinary people of ancient Rome. Although Pliny and Juvenal had different ideas about what Roman life was truly like, when reflecting on these two pieces together a person, he or she should see the paradox and get an idea of what Roman life was like. Pliny was enthralled by the beauty and splendor of upper class. Juvenal was contending with

How did the Circus Maximus reflect the values of Ancient Rome?

1303 words - 5 pages aviewoncities.com”) This was the first time they invented stadiums. There were also other events held in the Circus Maximus. These events were held for a long time and were eventually ended around 549 BC. The Circus Maximus reflected the values of ancient Rome for entertainment and competition in ancient Roman culture. The Circus Maximus has a lot of history due to all of the events that had happened over the years of the Circus Maximus, the

Similar Essays

The Culture Of Ancient Rome Essay

2946 words - 12 pages   System of Writing Language Although in some remote pockets of Ancient Rome the Greek language strongly accented the primary tongue, the people were a dominantly Latin speaking population. More specifically, Archaic Latin (also known as Old Latin)- the original version of Latin that today’s Modern and Classical editions branch from. Due to the Ancient Roman Empire conquering many countries over the course of it’s time, a great deal of

Culture And History Of Ancient Rome

1404 words - 6 pages , economy was booming and they were lovely and beautiful places to live. Although after Mount Vesuvius erupted on the beautiful cities it was never rebuilt again. The city, Rome was built in the region called Latium where the Roman civilisation was built. Rome was built near the Mediterranean Sea making it easy access for trade and water supply. The Colosseum in Rome is the most famous structure in all of ancient Rome. Many events were held there

The Power Of Virtue In Ancient Rome

1501 words - 7 pages features a man wanted to have was virtue because of the innate fight for dominance. Although virtue represents manliness, it also entails many other significant traits. Prudence, justice, self-control, and courage were looked at as the four most important virtues any person could have. In ancient Rome, the governing body was a male controlled senate. The problem with the senate was the consul had too much power; he could choose who voted, what

Understanding Of God In Ancient Rome

990 words - 4 pages The Roman Empire was unparalleled in the ancient world. With strong a military, technological development, and widespread infrastructure, Rome easily became the undisputed superpower of the Mediterranean. Lurking underneath this greatness was a deadly secret that caused the eventual collapse of the empire. The secret that eroded Rome, as outlined by Francis Schaffer in How Should We Then Live?, was the civilization’s understanding of God