Arab Nationalism Essay

1050 words - 4 pages

Arab Nationalism

Arab nationalism is defined as the idea that Arabs constitute a single distinctive nation united by a history and common language of Arabic. It is the quest for a national identity and struggle for political power in the Fertile Cresent.
Arab nationalism is a fairly new concept; it’s only about one hundred years old. It did not really develop until after world war one. It is basically he result of three major influenced:
1.) The breakup of the Ottoman Empire after world war one and the emergence of modern states that no longer shared a common religiously rooted ideology that was Islamic based and religiously sociopolitical order.
2.) The intensified struggle for independence from political and religiocultural dominance of European imperialism.
3.) The ideological movement of Jamal Al-Deen Al Afghani disciples, Muhamed Abduh and Rashid Rida.
In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries there were profound changes in the Ottoman system and a serious decentralization of power. With the end of the Ottoman expansion, the state of insututions lost their administrative and military capacities. The empire was plagues with popular revolts, economic regression and in the end military defeats. Many political changes came. The Ottoman Empire was becoming weak, it was the perfect time for its downfall.
Before the downfall of the Ottoman Empire, the Ottomans had ruled the Fertile Crescent as a number of separate small provinces. There were no units of territorial government corrersponding to the Ottoman sub-states in Egypt, Tunisia or Algeria. The principal cities of the region, such as Damascus, Aleppo, Mosul, and Baghdad were the main centers of government. Rural districts were often self-governing.
World war one was a good opportunity for the Arabs to gain freedom from the Ottoman Empire. Leading the Struggle towards independence of the Arabs from Ottoman rule was Sharif Hussein. Hussein was the Turkish appointed governor of the Hijaz province of Arabia. He launched the Arab fight for freedom in June of 1916, with his Bedouin warriors stormed the Turkish garrison groups in Mecca. Hussein’s next move was to seek help of the British; he needed their moral support, money and fighting equipment. It was of the British’s benefit to provide this help seeing as the British and Arab’s had common enemy so they agreed to cooperate.
Hussein dreamed of one day becoming the ruler of the Arab world, which included the Arabian Peninsula, and what is now modern day Syria, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq. The Arab leader wanted the British to recognize this ambition in exchange for fighting a common foe. On this matter the British disagreed since they felt parts of Syria were outside Arab domain. Since it was more important for the British to have the Arabs as fighting allies they supported Hussein. He proclaimed himself king of the Arabs in Mecca. He had the support of the British and the recognition of France of him...

Find Another Essay On Arab Nationalism

Arab League Fails to Promote Peace in Middle East

3167 words - 13 pages Saudi Arabia. Then he realized the importance of including Egypt, the most influential and powerful Arab state, in a discussion of Arab unity (Preston, 2004). Two years later, in 1943 Egyptian Prime Minister Mustafa al-Nahhas proposed that Cairo host the first preliminary conference to discuss Arab Unity. Egypt’s reason for participating was not only about concerning about Arab nationalism, it was mostly about to strength its feet and become the

Nationalism In The Middle East Essay

1561 words - 6 pages Arab armies. After several months, at the end of the fighting Israel was left in possession with an area somewhat larger than the area that it had been allotted in the partition resolution of 1947. The Palestinian state mentioned in the partition resolution was never born. Almost one million Arabs were rendered homeless by the conflict and had to enter the neighboring countries. These factors thus fortified the Arab sense of nationalism and their

Broken Unity

617 words - 3 pages those states were colonized by Britain and France. The Ottoman Empire had served as a mask that avoided nationalism because it was seen as a united Arab state. The decline of that empire, the creation of disunited nation states and the colonization of them by European powers caused feelings of nationalism among Arabs, triggering revolts and destroying what once had been, to a certain extent, peace on that area. The Muslims in the Ottoman Empire

DuBois and Black Nationalism

897 words - 4 pages may say that being a nationalist is being a racist; this is true in some cases. Black Nationalism is similar to Kurdish Nationalism, or Armenian Nationalism, the nationalism of oppressed people, struggling for freedom and equality. On the other hand White Nationalism can be compared with Arab or Turkish Nationalism, which includes racism, race superiority, and oppression of minorities and different ethnic groups. I believe that Black Nationalism

The Origin of Modern Nationalist Movements

1762 words - 7 pages varied agency of the actors involved. Because of this, the study of nationalism has no true definitions; instead, it is filled with loose theories. As Hugh Seton-Watson, author of Nations and States: an Enquiry into the Origins of Nations and the Politics of Nationalism (1977), writes, “I am driven to the conclusion that no ‘scientific definition’ of the nation can be devised; yet the phenomenon has existed and exists.” The Arab Spring represented a

The Formation of Arab Nations

2106 words - 8 pages political jolts. Withdraw of European and Ottoman powers, and the 1948 establishment of the state of Israel represented significant challenges to Arab power and political rule. Jordan, for example, was established in 1921, and by 1948 they had taken in so many people trying to avoid potential violence in Palestine that Jordanian nationalism was challenged by people with an unclear national allegiance (Bailey). By 1950, Jordan found itself involved in

Israel-Palestinian Conflict

1100 words - 5 pages future creation of a sovereign Muslim state (Trueman). The initiator of the Muslim revolt against the Ottoman Empire, Hussein bin Ali, aligned with the British due to the increasing rise of nationalism exhibited by the Turks. However, the union amongst the British and Arab Muslims would soon encounter a setback as the British had been colluding with the French. The two European powers completed the Sykes-Picot Agreement in 1916, which granted

The Arab-Israeli Conflict

1605 words - 7 pages Zionism and Arab-nationalism. Zionism is an historical movement of the Jewish people to return to what they regard as their traditional homeland, Eretz Israel. According to Jewish custom, this "Land of Israel" is a territory promised to the Jews by God, wherein they are destined to found a Jewish nation-state. Zionists in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries saw in the creation of such a state an opportunity to escape the widespread

The Arab Spring and its Root Causes

1723 words - 7 pages In 2011, many Arab citizens across many countries almost simultaneously began to revolt against their ruling authorities, whether violently or by nonviolent protests. The purpose of my research will be to attempt to ascertain concrete, root causes for the incitement of revolution among the Arabs, and then to judge to what degree each factor actually played a role in the revolutions and their effectiveness. My research will focus on root causes

The Six-Day War

2090 words - 8 pages with their situation as a result of an irrational streak in their temperament or to "irradicable anti-Jewism." (Chace 56) In fact, there were repeated references to the statements of Faisal (a leader of the Arab revolt in 1916) that there was no conflict between the aims of Arab nationalism and Zionism. It was instead the strong arm of Western Imperialism that so angered the Arab nationalists. (Oren 38) Israel was forced upon the Arab world by

Palestine and Jewish Problem

804 words - 4 pages proposing of war. However, the Arab was against the declaration. The Jew is believed that by creating a state for Jews could solve their problem and unite them under one nationalism and identity that the main ideology of Zionism movement and to establish a new state to Jewish. In contrast, the Jewish problem was not solved because of the long history need to analysis to find out the real problem in this case, the problem begins when Untie

Similar Essays

Nationalism In The Middle East Essay

1806 words - 8 pages Name: Institution: Instructor: Course: Date: 3. When discussing nationalism in the Arab world, scholars have distinguished between pan-Arabism (qawmiyya) and nation-state nationalism (wataniya). Define the two forms of nationalism, explain the differences between them and their place in modern Middle Eastern history. Pan-Arabism refers to the aspiration to form a single Arabian super state/an Arab nation (umma arabiyya); the ideology calls for

Jew In Arabs World Essay

1294 words - 6 pages treated them very badly and expelled , forcibly converted them to Islam because of that Jews afraid not practice their belief as they want , as a result of that the Zionist movement rise to recreated Jewish state and to give Jewish their nationalism and identity. The Jews who live in the Arab community before Palestine divided by the Unite Nation in 1947, used to have a peaceful and harmonious life in the Arab world. However, the rise Anti-Semitism

The Collapse Of The Ottoman Empire

1785 words - 7 pages , “Jewish nationalism differed from other European nationalist movements, which did not have to contend with so brazen an overlap between religious tradition and ethnic identity. (26)” Zionism was forged through a desire to preserve the past of a people that were perpetually fighting for its future. Arab nationalism stems from the post-Ottoman belief that all Arab nations need to band together around a shared heritage. Arab nationalism is outwardly

Religious Wars In The Middle East (Holy Land)

850 words - 4 pages Development Company bought land and trained young Jewish settlers who set up the famous kibbutzim (communal farm) and moshavim (cooperative farms). Arab nationalism is also rooted in religion, in the Islam that exploded out of Arabia in the seventh century. Muhammad's powerful message spread like wildfire and in a few decades blanketed the present Middle East, Persia, parts of Central Asia, Western India, North Africa, and Spain. The Arab empires