Approach to Research Studies
The field of social science typically applies the research methods of either qualitative or quantitative concept ( ). The quantitative research strategy incorporates approaches which emphasize on quantities. The quantitative method collects data, usually by numbers, and is evaluated by numerical and automated methods. The quantitative approach to research is primarily used in research in the field of physical science (book). However, the qualitative method customarily makes use of words to clarify extensive theories that cannot be apprehended statistically, for instance in such things as: an individual’s principles, state of mind, or objectives. The information that is composed, within the method of qualitative theory, can be in the form of words, field notes, or records, therefore, the information collected in this strategy cannot be understood statistically ( ). There are key differences in the aforementioned types of research methodologies; this paper will outline the differences, advantages, as well as, the disadvantages of each method, and how to determine the best method for a study on leadership.
The quantitative method of research in a study involves the use of queries, and the possibilities for reply have been prearranged (book). This method of research has the need for the use of a huge pool of respondents. The scope in this method of research has a necessity to be hypothetically impartial, in facts and be effective numerically. A random selection method, referred to as sampling, is used due to the huge amount of participants needed. Prior to the beginning of the study, a numerical method is used to govern the number of participants to allow the finding to be within certain limits (book). It is a collective arrangement among examiners that the sample should produce findings of a minimum of 95% self-assurance (Burns & Grove, 2005).
In contrast to the above method, the qualitative method to research encompasses accumulating, understanding and evaluating facts by seeing and paying attention to the participants. The qualitative method looks for implications of perceptions; it makes an effort to pursue the meanings of specific concepts with such things as: outlooks, personalities, beliefs and feelings (Schostac, 2006). The qualitative method to research is largely biased and works with a focused sampling where precise participants are the emphasis (book). The queries within this method are normally open-ended and the participants are not restricted to the type and quantity of facts that they can give, unlike the quantitative method. In the effort to acquire applicable facts, complex consultations are routinely led. The data acquired, with the qualitative method, is presumed to reveal an authenticity, since the process typically articulates outcomes created on the authentic answers produced by participants.
Quantitative versus Qualitative