Ancient Mediterranean Art Essay

1496 words - 6 pages

Ancient Mediterranean Art
I. Description of a Cycladic female figurine
Cycladic civilization is divided into three periods: Early Cycladic (3000-2000 BC), Middle Cycladic (2000-1500 BC), and Late Cycladic (1500-1100 BC). The large amount of white marble sculptures located in the Cycladic islands, especially Naxos and Paros, a place exclusively made up of female folded-arm figures. These impressive marbles seem to be a symbol of Cycladic art. These figures are the best-known and most appreciated productions of the Cycladic art. Most of the Cycladic figures represent nude females with folded arms. These figures are usually found in grave areas and were probably associated with funeral rites, but some of larger size likely came from settlements or shrines. Many components such as jewelry, marble, pottery, and figures (both male and female) have been found. The example below (Fig.1) is a female figurine from the Bronze Age (2900-2200BC) in the area of Cyclades, an area located between Greece and Turkey. Cyclades is an area composed by thirty-one islands. This standing figure is an example of the late Spedos Variety, named after a famous cemetery on the island of Naxos. The figure has a triangular and lyre-shaped head and the size is quite big, about 67.6 cm. Few other facial details like eyes and mouth were carved. The main features of this figure are arms folded left over right across the stomach. The leg of this figure is slightly bent and the knee is separate apart. Mostly important, the feet are too small to support the whole figure. The toes point downward too. Although the facial features are not detailed, there are double rows of red dots across both checks, the nose and the forehead, creating a kind of decoration. Also, traces of some kind of blue paint seem to appear in the region of the eyes. Furthermore, a curved area in the right side of the narrow head, somehow, was painted in a dark color. It seems that the side lock only appears on the Sepdose Variety of female arm figures. The whole figure is almost flat in shape. This figure seems to be the standing variety of the Neolithic Aegean figurines (Honolulu 138).
In addition, the red and blue pigments were clearly valued by the Cycladic people. Various types of storage containers used to these kinds of pigments such as palette, jars and small clay pots. Nevertheless, the functions and meaning of these figures are still remaining mysterious and unclear. Basically, we believe that those figures served as funerary goods (Cycladic).
II. Male figures in Cycladic period
Male figures also occurred in the Cycladic periods. These male figures also shared the same features of the female figurine. For instance, they both have an almond-shaped head and their facial details are in low relief. Obviously, their arms bent at the elbows with hands crossing their stomach and legs are set apart with horizontal position. The below figure (Fig 2) is one of...

Find Another Essay On Ancient Mediterranean Art

Classical Roman Art Vs. Early Christian Art

1027 words - 4 pages an early symbolic representation of Christ as a Shepard (Mueso, Rome Web 2014). Symbolic images like these were common for the period of Early Christian art. It compares nicley to the Greco-Roman sculpture ( 3rd Century b.c.e) piece of the same name. A similar depiction can also be found at Dura Europas(Ceiling piece, fresco painting-seen in image below), in an ancient Christian meeting house (Klein Fred S. pg 210). Christ the Good Shepherd of

The Individual in Ancient China and Greece

1012 words - 4 pages honor in the family and how to a respectable person. The family relationship in China was much stricter than the family in China because the Chinese government was very stern, just like the basic family. Art in China was very different from art in Greece and a big reason for this was due to their governments. Document A shows the type of art that was in ancient Greece. Art in Greece was mostly comprised of sculptures and paintings of the

From Roman to Greek Art

549 words - 2 pages From Roman To Greek Before the birth of Greek art, fully developed civilizations had indeed existed for thousands of years in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Crete; but from its earliest appearance Greek art quickly rose to dominate the entire Aegean and Mediterranean areas. Its underlying principles, which we call "Classical", imposed themselves over the whole of the ancient world. While other civilizations, reaching the end of their development


1203 words - 5 pages RomeEnvironmentIn the Italian peninsula it has the same climate as the Mediterranean climate. Mild, rainy, winters and hot, dry summers. The climate in the north is cooler, rain is plentiful. Italian peninsula is an ideal place for farming. Romans grew olives, grapes and wheat. The city of Rome has tremendous environmental advantages, because of that it made it easier for Rome to become an important city. The city of Rome is located the

History Of The Roman Empire

1211 words - 5 pages political institution in European history. During the first two centuries ad the empire flourished and added new territories, notably ancient Britain, Arabia, and Dacia (present-day Romania). People from the Roman provinces streamed to Rome, where they became soldiers, bureaucrats, senators, and even emperors. Rome developed into the social, economic, and cultural capital of the Mediterranean world. Despite the attention given to tyrannical and

Palestine a Nation or State

1250 words - 5 pages Palestine is one of several names for the geographic region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River and various adjoining lands. The name Palestine refers to a region of the eastern Mediterranean coast from the sea to the Jordan valley and from the southern Negev desert to the Galilee lake region in the north. Palestine is included between two lines drawn from the Mediterranean eastward-the lower from the southeast corner of the

Ancient Egypt

1543 words - 6 pages ;  Many modern beliefs and ideals, as well as much of manÕs knowledge, had their origin in Egypt. The ancient Egyptians developed the worldÕs first national government. Their religion was one of the first to emphasize a life after death. They produced an expressive art and literature. The Egyptians introduced stone architecture and made the first convenient writing material, papyrus. They developed a 365-day year and set up the basic

Irrigation in ancient egypt

1046 words - 5 pages Some of the earliest forms of irrigations were pioneered in the Nile River Delta by the ancient Egyptians over 5000 years ago. These innovations helped fuel social and cultural development by providing abundant resources which allowed the ancient Egyptians focus their efforts toward other innovations such as Art, Mathematics, Shipbuilding, Architecture, and Medicine. Egypt may be a region dominated by desert, but it has one significant source

Byzantium civilization

527 words - 2 pages strategic location between the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Constantine liked to import Greek-Roman art from throughout the empire.Byzantium art focused on human figures. The most prominent figures that were created were Christ, the Virgin Mary, the saints, and the apostles. The emperor was believed to be divinely sanctioned by god. Human figures were portrayed in sculptures in two different styles. One style expressed power, authority, and grandeur

Ancient Egypt

1668 words - 7 pages ancient Egyptians developed the worldÕs first national government. Their religion was one of the first to emphasize a life after death. They produced an expressive art and literature. The Egyptians introduced stone architecture and made the first convenient writing material, papyrus. They developed a 365-day year and set up the basic methods of geometry and surgery.The boundaries of ancient Egypt changed many times during its history. When the

Greek Pottery

985 words - 4 pages didn’t follow what was popular. Which brings us to how much the pottery sold for. Regular items such as cups and plate costed about 1-2 drachmas while vases valued around 2-3 drachmas. Even more expensive, were the ornately decorated vases in which case the price depended on the vase’s design. Some potters got even more money by selling their art throughout the Mediterranean. As I mentioned earlier, the artists style changed on the current fashion

Similar Essays

Ancient Rome And Anceint Greece Essay

818 words - 4 pages . Besides being similar in the roles of religion, ancient Rome and ancient Greece also had similar economies. Ancient Greece’s economy was rich and abundant. Greece was surrounded by mountains, which led to limited resources. Greece was also located near the Mediterranean Sea, which was an opportunity for trade and transport of goods. Greece became an important trading port and was able to gain many goods from this. Meanwhile, ancient Rome

Ancient Greece And Ancient Rome Essay

636 words - 3 pages When comparing Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, anyone can see that there are many differences including geography, art and architecture, and religion. There was also a big difference in the division of social classes of both Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. In Greece, their society was divided into slaves, freedmen, citizens and women. On the other hand, Rome had slaves, freedmen, plebeians and patricians. While women were not considered to be

The Arabian Peninsula Essay

1664 words - 7 pages originated in their capital, Damascus ("Mediterranean Sea"). Even the position of their capital lead to their prosperity; Damascus is located along the Silk Road (“Ancient World History”). It attracted a lot of attention from merchants traveling from all over the world. Mecca and Medina also enticed Muslims from different areas because it is the birthplace of Islam and its founder, Muhammad (“Islam Project”). As cities like Damascus, Mecca, and

Et Tu Penicillium? Essay

1223 words - 5 pages also learned how deadly they could be. These great people paved the way for us in in so many ways and their use of fungi was just one of them. Cities throughout the Mediterranean greatly influenced each other during the ancient times, as they traded art, food, traditions, and even medicines. Before the Romans began using medicines to treat ailments, there was a common belief throughout the Mediterranean that diseases were caused by either