Ancient Egyptian Art Essay

1970 words - 8 pages

Ancient Egyptian civilization and culture stood the test of time enduring thousand of years of life becoming a strong political, economic, and social structure.
. Egypt’s ability to withstand for thousands of years was possible because of their location. They were geographically located in the desert around the Nile River. Every year the Nile River would flood depositing silt that was rich in nutrients, which would provide crops for the Egyptians. Egyptians based their life off of the Nile River and a balancing system. There was balance between the red land and black land, night and day, Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. Even Egyptians art work had a balancing system to it. Over thousands of ...view middle of the document...

Using these strict systems, Egyptians were able to achieve the same type of art aesthetic.
Not only was art important in Egyptian culture, so was religion and their belief in life and death. When a person died in Egypt their body needed to be preserved and mummified otherwise the spirit would not live on. Egyptians would then burry the dead with all of their possessions and items they need to in the afterlife that they enjoyed on Earth. If a person had a high status the preparations were more extensive. Pharos would have pyramids built, and highly decorate the walls paintings and sculptures in their tombs. Most of the Egyptian art work shown today is not shown in context because most art work was not meant to be seen. The art work that Egyptians made was mainly as an offering for the dead and were buried in the tomb. A lot of Egyptian art depicted the pharaohs and because in a religious sense the pharaohs were considered gods. Gods and goddess were also important in artwork and were painted in burial tombs.
The Ptolemaic area the Romans ruled over Egypt, which caused the shift in culture as there were increases in Greek influences. For example, the sculpture is rendered realistically and the body is not as tense or ridged. In Horus there are tummy rolls showing his well-nurtured body and Iris breast are yes idealized but once again go against the Egyptian art style. Iris’s body is given curves and dimension that is even noticeable in how the dress curves about the legs. The figure is given depth and extremely detailed in the line work in the headdress, necklace, the sides of the thrown and vulture head-covering reserved for queens and goddesses. The lines of the hair lead the eyes down the front of the Iris’s body to Horus who is sitting in his lap. Horus is completely naked and wears a single lock of hair on the right side of his head showing youthfulness.
In Egyptian, the size of the art work shows the importance of the piece. If the piece is large scale it is containing more presence and space. Statuette of Isis and Horus created during the Ptolemaic Era is 6.75 inches tall so it does not take up a large amount of space. Being small the object could be carried from place to place without much difficulty. With the object being able to be moved around it could easily be place in a tomb as a piece offering. Egyptian culture really believed in the process
of being reborn which is why they mummified their dead and built such lavish tombs. Giving Iris a peace offering was a way to show that the dead soul should be reborn. Iris is sitting down on a thrown holding her son Horus in a mothering position of love. The feeling that is coming from the statue is a mother son bond. Iris was powerfully connected with rebirth so many Egyptians would look to her in times of death.
This piece really moves the eye around because of how the body of Horus in positioned. Our eyes start at the head is the throne with Iris’s name written in...

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