Ancient Egypt Essay

1378 words - 6 pages

Ancient Egypt

One of the greatest and most enduring human civilizations
established itself in the Nile Valley. Over thousands of years
the Egyptians shaped their civilization and have portrayed their
canonical nature within their art, literature, and architecture.
The Egyptians adhered to their rules and their standards of
belief and behavior in their daily lives. The artistic canon is
well represented in Egyptian tomb paintings. For the Egyptians,
art was made to serve a particular purpose, usually a religious
one. Religious beliefs largely dictated what artists created,
especially the paintings that filled Egyptian temples and tombs.
Temples were decorated with paintings and filled with statues of
gods and kings in the belief that doing this served the gods,
showed devotion to the king, and maintained the order of the
universe. The Egyptian belief in life after death was perhaps
the most important part of their culture and probably helped to
stabilize their society for so many centuries. The laws and rules
of code the ancient Egyptian’s lived by daily also helped them to
understand the seemingly ambiguous nature in The Tale of Sinuhe
(1875 BC). The Egyptian pyramids were royal tombs for pharaohs.
The Great Pyramid is considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of
the Ancient World. The pyramids are said to have built Egypt by
being the force that knit together the kingdom's economy. These
building projects took a high degree of architectural and
engineering skill, and the organization of a large workforce
consisting of highly trained craftsmen and laborers. Ancient
Egypt has captured the imagination of scholars and laymen alike
because of the canonical nature which surrounds its art, its
literature, and its monumental architecture.
In ancient Egypt, there was a strong belief in the
afterlife. Death was considered a necessary transition to the
next world where the dead would lead a life similar to life as
they knew it. This belief was the reason for the embalming of
bodies, the abundance of funerary offerings, the statues, the
relief carvings, the inscriptions and, of course, the paintings.
The relief painting "Ti Watching a Hippopotamus Hunt" was painted
in the year 2400 BCE. This was during the time of the Old
Kingdom ( Dynasty V), when Egyptians were constructing their
mastabas (or tombs) out of limestone (Lesko). The Egyptians
built their mastabas as comfortable homes for the dead to live in
during the afterlife. These tombs were filled with many
treasures, paintings and messages. The painting "Ti Watching a
Hippopotamus Hunt" is from one such tomb at Saqqara; The Mastaba
of Ti. Ti was the royal hairdresser during the early V Dynasty,
as well as the controller of the farms and stock that belonged to
the royal family. In the tomb paintings, the important people
portrayed were given a large, out of scale size. The overlapping
of outlines was avoided and all parts of the body were
...

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