Absolute Vs. New Monarchs Essay

1385 words - 6 pages

Absolute vs. New Monarchs
Monarchy was not at all a new institution in the 15th, 16th, or 17th centuries. It wasn’t even very different with respect to the goals that prevailed in each monarchy. However, the differences between the New and Absolute Monarchy come in the way of the methods, theories, and conditions prevalent throughout the different monarchical reigns.
The main goal of new and absolute monarchies was the centralize the state. War, civil war, class war, feudal rebellion, and banditry afflicted a good deal of Europe in the middle of the fifteenth century. Various rulers now tried to impose a kind of civil peace. They thus laid the foundations for the national states. Similarly, in the early part of the 17th century, wars pertaining now to religion and dynasty had a profound impact upon the western European states. As military spending increased, monarchs realized the importance unifying their state possessed.
The difference between the two monarchies’ plan for a centralized state was the method in which both were carried out. In the time of the New Monarchies, religion was integral to unifying the state. Monarchs such as Isabella of Castile tried to unify their countries as a result of religious purification. Isabella believed firmly that a stable Spain would only stem from a Catholic Spain. As a result, the reconquista was initiated and unification took place around the church. The monarchs insisted on religious conformity. In addition, parliamentary institutions were ignored or even sometimes abolished in order to centralize and bring peace to the state. Townspeople, the target of monarchs for support, were willing to let parliaments be dominated by the king, for parliaments proved often to be strongholds of "unruly barons", or had accentuated the class conflicts. In France, for example, the Estates General of France met only once under Louis XI. After which, the committee requested the king to govern without them in the future, remembering the anarchy of the past. The power of the monarch was thought to be derived from the people during this time period and so the middle class became important in supporting the monarch. Because of this, nobility, which was a threat to the power of the monarch, was always tried to be kept under control through various reforms such as the "livery and maintenance" laws passed by Henry VII. Armies were also built up by the monarch as a way to increase his own power and centralize the state. Also, during this era, the focus was on religion and dynastic building while in the later monarchies, commerce and state building became the priorities.
During the Absolute Monarch era, however, centralizing the state became more secular. After the religious wars, religion was not the focus of governments. Paradoxically, however, the absolute monarchs derived their power from the divine right theory. This theory held that the institution of monarchy had been created...

Find Another Essay On Absolute vs. New Monarchs

Enlightened Despots Essay

1032 words - 5 pages Enlightenment did to find their way inside the palaces of Europe's leaders; however, the monarchs retained their great power of absolute rule. Among these enlightened despots of the age were Frederick the Great of Prussia, Catherine the Great of Russia, and Joseph II of Austria. These leaders all attempted to bring their respective countries into a new age. The basis of enlightened despotism was the idea of improving the lives of a country's

Enlightened Despotism during the 18th Century in Austria, Prussia and Russia

634 words - 3 pages Enlightened Despotism was the form of government adopted by absolute monarchs who were influenced by the Enlightenment, mostly in Central and Eastern European powers, during the 18 and 19 centuries. Their reigns were marked by a general modernization of their countries' economical, social and military polices and also by an overall rationalization of the entire ruling system, not only that of the king but the entire governing apparatus.The main

Five Monarchy Guidelines

1144 words - 5 pages Absolutism was a time in history when kings and queens would rule their countries with complete power and authority. The five guiding principles that monarchs used to rule their country are as follow. The first one is that, a ruler should rule their country or Principality with absolute authority, the second one is that, “Might makes right” which is if the ruler has the power to do something then they should do it and they do not need to

Evaluate Democracy, Monarchy, Dictatorship, Theocracy and Anarchy as systems of governments using examples you have studied

868 words - 4 pages under democracy, such as New Zealand, Switzerland, Ireland, and Austria. Absolute Monarchy is a system of government where sovereignty, or supreme authority is given to an individual, known as a Monarch. Absolute Monarchy is a form of government that ensures that power is hereditary, and passes down the family. Countless Monarchs have reigned supreme above others throughout history. They had the power to change or create a law, without anothers

The Australian Legal System

1297 words - 5 pages subject to the law. The R vs. Carroll case is very controversial because it is an example where the Doctrine of Double Jeopardy might need to be rethought or repealed. Carroll was tried and found guilty of the murder of baby Deidre Kennedy. However, due to the unreliable evidence given, he was acquitted in the appeal court. Later, new evidence was found which could prove him guilty of the murder, but because of the Double Jeopardy doctrine

The Australian Legal System

1293 words - 5 pages and offenders punished. It is from these times that the Doctrine of Precedence originated. A log of crimes and punishments was kept: as a means of convenience, judges could hand out punishments in line with the punishments given for similar cases. In the 19th Century, this doctrine became binding. In 1215, the Magna Carta was signed by King John, putting the first check against all previous monarchs' 'rule by Divine Right'. It was significant

The Age of the Enlightment Analysis

1278 words - 5 pages their own. The kings or queens of an absolute monarchy can also be known as a dictator, which has never truly worked out before. The idea of constitutional monarchy began to spread and was initiated when monarchs began abusing their power as rulers. This happened because monarchs believed they were God chosen and could do whatever they please. Unfortunately, this attitude led to the decline of the “integrity and safety of their countries

Essay on 3 absolute monarchs: Louis XIV, Peter the Great, Frederick the Great

806 words - 3 pages From 1638-1786, there were three absolute monarchs. Louis XIV, the sun king, built a splendid court at Versailles where he looked over the nobles. Peter the Great, the westernizer, changed Russia from a backward country into a great power. Finally, Frederick the Great, the enlightened despot, was full of tolerance and restraint and had good views on government. He improved Prussia many ways.Louis XIV increased his revenue by taxing, improving

John Lock, a universal thinker

1741 words - 7 pages which Kings claimed not just the right to rule, but to right to rule with absolute power. They backed this claim with the assertion that a king's power came from God. Preachers of the divine right said that monarchs are chosen by God and responsible only to him. To challenge the authority of the monarch in any way was a sin. Because of the divine right, kings were protected and common people were without any rights at all. What power people had was

Renaissance - A unique development in the European History

823 words - 3 pages -states began to develop local rules and loyalties. The "new" monarchs started to emerge. Those kings followed the new political theory introduced by Nicolo Machiavelli. According to Machiavelli the monarch had to be evil, cunning, strong, deceiving and feared. The ruler had to be knowledgeable of history in order to learn from the mistakes made in the past. The religion had to be removed from the political practice. Machiavelli believed that the

Turbulence in Politics and Government: Absolute Monarchy

1033 words - 5 pages Human ambitions contrast the notion of social harmony, as evident in historical examples of absolute monarchy. Tyrants led onslaughts on denizens, fueled simply by their will to power. Entire demographics have suffered for the sake of elite luxuries. In order to maintain such privileges, the elite must silence sceptics. Such abuse of absolute power led to new concepts of power structures, which ultimately led to the development of modern

Similar Essays

Monarchs Vs. Dictators Essay

825 words - 4 pages Monarchs and Dictators are very similar but yet very different. A monarch is defined as “a person who reigns over a kingdom or empire: as, a sovereign ruler or a constitutional king or queen” by Webster’s Dictionary. A monarch rules over lands while following a set of guidelines that are set by a constitution, law body, or the people themselves. Dictators on the other hand, are defined as “a person who rules a country with total authority and

Struggle For Absolutism Essay

561 words - 2 pages The monarchs that ruled Europe and Asia during the fifteenth through the seventeenth centuries tried desperately to move away from feudal traditions, and ideally towards achieving absolute monarchies. Absolutism, where a monarch is an unlimited power, was a popular goal in those days. The political theory that is derived from support of such a system is called divine right, where the monarchs are accountable to God and God alone. Russia and

Power Corrupts Essay

1119 words - 4 pages struggle of power between individuals and groups in our democratic society today. Bibliography Moreell, Ben, “Power Corrupts”, Acton Institute. www.acton.org/publicat/randl/article.php?id=65 Ellis, Tom, “Liberty vs. Democracy”, Acton Institute, 1995. www.strike-the-root.com/4/bylund3.html “Charles I”, Britannia, 2003. http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon47.html Woods, Alan, “The Truth

Louis Xiv: An Absolute Monarch Essay

1054 words - 4 pages ). While absolutism benefited Louis XIV and France during the 17th century, other countries were unable to sustain his model as long as he did. This model dispersed to as absolute monarchs were seeing the world change from when the Sun King reigned (491). Works Cited Coffin, Judith G, et al. Western Civilizations: Their History & Their Culture. 17th ed. New York: W. W. Norton & Co, 2011. Print.