Abortion can be said to be an induced process or expulsion of an embryo or fetus from the uterus, result in, or caused by, its death. Sometimes this can occur spontaneously as a miscarriage. It can also be artificially induced through chemical, surgical or other means. This is induced termination or miscarriage occurs before the twenty weeks of gestation. The induced termination has been a source of debate as well as controversy throughout the history of mankind. This means the position on abortion depends on two factors which include ones personal belief on the morality of induced abortion. The other factor is the government’s limit of authority.
A woman has a right to her life. There are human rights which are applicable to every person. These rights should be applied without any form of discrimination and the most vital right is the right to life. A woman has a right to pursue her rights and this includes happiness and this may mean to have abortion. Just like men have their rights in life, a woman need this freedom in this matter because it shapes her reproductive choices. Internationally, reproductive rights are recognized.
These rights help to advance women’s human rights and promotion of development. In modern days, the world has begun to advance reproductive rights to some degree. They have come up with some formal methods as ways indicating the government’s effort’s of promoting reproductive rights. This means a woman has a right to control her body and hence exercise body rights.
The international covenant on civil and political rights do not allow arbitrary deprivation of life although there are controversial issues related to the supreme right which include the question of right to abortion. The most important thing is to balance the rights of the mother and the rights of the unborn. Due to changes in time and technology, the right to abort is legally sanctified by most governments even though there are oppositions today and people are divided if it should be legally prohibited.
There are some international instruments which sanction the right of abortion. A mother has a right to abort in a number of circumstances. The stand on the personal belief of induced abortion and the ethical limit of the...